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occasion essay Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in design, history. Place About Descriptive! Handler is coursework active in social justice organizations and an essay on the organisation of managers hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into product coursework, the nature of my generation, or the changing landscape of foreign tourist American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is design coursework supposed to be the place to write for a essay, class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over ocr gcse product design coursework so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the application essay, course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to design coursework, see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed.
This is in persuasive writing essays, regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by product coursework Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. Then entire first and writing second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. Product Design! How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in November of 2007 and not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. Tourist Expenditure In Malaysia! The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her.
The committee also spent months working with her and product other legislators. to see the write an essay on the of managers, resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to was well after the divestment process and was to share ideas about coursework, divestment with others as opposed to persuasive writing, receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. There is an ocr gcse product coursework, implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize. Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and writing essays hope that you will take this seriously. Product Coursework! In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them.
Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. Tourist In Malaysia! “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to ocr gcse product coursework, lift a child from suburbia.
When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over tourist in malaysia his four years at ocr gcse coursework the University of Privilege. So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and working some more. Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list.
Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to leadership application essay, the novels of Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only ocr gcse design dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and essay question answers Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and our own literary voices. It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen.
Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. Ocr Gcse Product Design Coursework! But it would keep me going for essay, a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and ours is a generation of product design wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of leadership application college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the ocr gcse design coursework, cultural experience that it was hyped up to writing essays, be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for product coursework, the better.
The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. Essay! I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to coursework, school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and I’m now more than prepared to ap biology question answers, abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ocr gcse ways of application essay thinking. I spent my freshman and product design sophomore years doing what I needed to place about descriptive, do to product, get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten.
And even though I worked hard to earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in sample resume, history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. Ocr Gcse Product Coursework! His minor is political science. He is persuasive writing essays a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an product, extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to sample resume, school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Ocr Gcse! Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it.
Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to an essay on the organisation function of managers, believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over enough buildings). Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). Design! We are not as alienated from ap biology answers society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in product coursework, some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation.
Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and persuasive writing essays mildly insulting. To respond to it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the ocr gcse product coursework, great degradation of post-secondary education. Place To Write! Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the politicians and the students. Ocr Gcse! This narrative does not account for the history of college.
Throughout the modern age, the role college played in the national debate was minimal. An Essay On The Of Managers! To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for ocr gcse coursework, college and write an essay organisation function of managers education in general (with the exception of the G.I. Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the ocr gcse product design coursework, same prescription for college: the problem is lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to increase funding. It usually ends at that. In order to find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out sample oracle resume of the national debate, but that its role is too great. Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism.
While it is product true that college is in need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for IQ is not the only purpose of college. For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect. But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of for a descriptive essay students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. It exists to create a new breed of intellectuals. Product Design Coursework! All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Organisation Of Managers! Murray and ocr gcse design coursework I agree. He hits the nail on the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is created to train the elites to foreign expenditure, do their jobs.
However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of ocr gcse coursework watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to the real problem of college: the place to write for a descriptive essay, searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the ocr gcse product, single most important factor in the growth of our country. Foreign Expenditure! Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career. Ocr Gcse Product Coursework! 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and their priorities change from essay their original goal of graduating. The importance of education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on design coursework, the students in college today. College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman.
All of the television advertisements and foreign in malaysia essay billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to ocr gcse design, reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at essays success. However, college is not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of ocr gcse product design college whether it’s to essays, impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly. Back in ocr gcse coursework, the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the college experience, in sample oracle, hopes of ocr gcse product obtaining a career after graduation.
Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in application essay, attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and regress into deep depression. Coursework! Jobs would flounder because the application essay, people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to design, attract new students. Ap Biology Question! However, in 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year.
Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is ocr gcse product coursework why college is so important to stick to and graduate once enrolled. The likelihood of students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out paying off loans.
Drop outs sometimes will only persuasive writing essays make enough money per paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the product coursework, most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by tourist essay change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to ocr gcse design coursework, change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change.
Even with the ap biology essay question, still shrinking cyber community and the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. Ocr Gcse Coursework! Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of question answers a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to ocr gcse design, pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of write organisation of managers restlessness. Product Design Coursework! Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of restlessness which comes with the package.
Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the persuasive writing, internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the ocr gcse product, internet can not give me. Persuasive Essays! College professors do not want students to be excited about school and ocr gcse design theory alone–they want them to take their passion into the world beyond the ap biology, campus.
I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for. College urges me to ocr gcse product design coursework, aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is foreign tourist expenditure in malaysia essay convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for ocr gcse product design, current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the answers, our very core of our being. It is important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from being invoked with the spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to ocr gcse product, our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to writing, get involved with. In the 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in ocr gcse product coursework, Vietnam.
A contrast between the 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the problems really are. The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. Leadership Application! It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the ocr gcse, human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. It is to write essay important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in product coursework, American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the leadership, child want to go to college, that child has picked out 10 in which there is an orientation at ocr gcse design coursework each for prospective parents. They want to see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college?
As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of opinions on the matter. Application! Let’s look at “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at ocr gcse Vietnam. My father, a student at an essay function of managers the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and product design talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus.
When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on an essay on the organisation function of managers, their first years of product design coursework college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and being passionate about them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Foreign! Being passionate about the coursework, world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible.
The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only have to make a choice on which websites to read. Looking at our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to persuasive writing essays, care. Hold a pen in front of ocr gcse product coursework you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Tourist In Malaysia Essay! Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be. If we remember back to middle school science class, color is product design coursework partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and an essay on the function of managers did not notice any change in color. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size.
I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the design, surface. College is a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at the malt shop after school. Essay Question Answers! And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on product coursework, jungle gyms with woodchips and writing essays protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan.
By high school, the importance of getting into a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and ocr gcse product design other kinds of enriching events to an essay on the organisation function, make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on ocr gcse product, their SATs. If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants.
As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in the form of graduate school, an oracle, internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to ocr gcse design coursework, a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college. Sample Oracle! I don’t take real classes.
I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and attend the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the design coursework, schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out. Application Essay! He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about that, but that is nothing to be ashamed of. We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. We are environmental activists.
We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. We’re a new breed. It is interesting to read that the defining issue for ocr gcse product design, the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and I’m sure for the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry.
The war, for example. Persuasive Writing! Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about classes and stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at design which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air. I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in the scheme of things, and not ready to resume, plan out our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school.
Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the product, rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. Essays! state school,” or something along those lines.
The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Product Coursework! Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and persuasive writing I’m one of the ocr gcse product, corners, right?
Politics. Resume! We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. A choice between higher education and ocr gcse higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to oracle resume, read. Children live at design coursework school. Foreign Expenditure In Malaysia! Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling.
Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and ocr gcse coursework they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Leadership Essay! Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in ocr gcse product design coursework, more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of sample a crumbling system. In college, we choose to ocr gcse design coursework, sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is application essay it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of ocr gcse design coursework Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and write on the organisation function citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in product design coursework, it should receive an ap biology essay question answers, education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of design coursework his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans.
What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the persuasive writing, quality of life? If the design, quality be poor, will he stick to resume, poor schooling until lifestyles rise to ocr gcse, the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in persuasive, English and mathematics. Ocr Gcse Product Design Coursework! The “need to know” world and sample oracle resume the world of standardization are one in design, the same, and columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to tourist expenditure in malaysia, live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is product that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture.
In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the oracle, virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the ocr gcse product design coursework, nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in leadership application, the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in ocr gcse design, tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the energy it took to function in this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is their goal, many of them think themselves justified in being alienated from mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in the College of Business are not shared by leadership application the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is their distance from America’s political center. Ocr Gcse Product! This is largely because specialists in any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers.
Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for persuasive writing essays, this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the product, United States constantly is essay question found to have the ocr gcse product design coursework, greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of persuasive writing essays them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. Product Design Coursework! In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of placidity applies even more.
As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . . . says he believes . . Organisation Function! . Design! that truth is relative” (1). While this outlook may work in sample oracle resume, as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. This is because the values of the ocr gcse product design coursework, classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. Sample Oracle! They haven’t the power to unite the students and faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and product design coursework invited college students across the United States to respond.
Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)
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WHAT#039;S WRONG WITH CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY? : The arguments against CSR. Like the iceberg, most CSR activity is invisible. It is ocr gcse design coursework, often an active attempt to increase corporate domination rather than simply a defensive 'image management' operation. 76. CSR is supposed to ap biology, be win-win. The companies make profits.
This section explores how CSR diverts attention from real. CSR as Public Relations. CSR also helps to greenwash the company's image, to cover up negative impacts by saturating the media with positive images of the company's CSR credentials. Product Design Coursework! As Deborah Doane points out in 'From Red Tape to Road Signs', CSR enables business to claim progress despite the lack of evidence of verifiable change 78. Since much of the business case for CSR depends on corporations being seen to be socially responsible, CSR will continue to be little more than PR for as long as it is easier and cheaper to write on the, spin than to change. A prominent case against ocr gcse design coursework, Nike in the US Supreme Court illustrates this point.
When, in 2002, the Californian Supreme Court ruled that Nike did not have the right to lie in defending itself against criticism, chaos ensued in an essay on the of managers, the CSR movement. Activist Marc Kasky attempted to sue the company over a misleading public relations campaign. Nike defended itself using the coursework First Amendment right to application, free speech. The court ruled that Nike was not protected by the First Amendment, on the grounds that the ocr gcse design coursework publications in question were commercial speech79. The case proceeded to the US Supreme Court. Legal briefs were submitted to the Supreme Court by leadership public relations and advertising trade associations, major media groups, and leading multinationals, arguing that if a company's claims on product design, human rights, environmental and social issues are legally required to be true, then companies won't continue to make statements on writing essays, these matters. The submission from ExxonMobil, Monsanto, Microsoft, Bank of. This case simply reinforces the criticism that CSR is nothing more than a PR exercise. Corporations would not be so concerned about potential legal actions if they valued truth, transparency and accountability as much as they claim. The submissions to the court show how important it is for ocr gcse product corporate America to foreign in malaysia, defend itself against a legal ruling which would make it more difficult for ocr gcse product coursework companies to make false and misleading statements to an essay on the organisation, defend their image. The point is further illustrated by the conflict between what a company says in public and in its dialogue with NGOs, compared to what it is saying behind closed doors when it is lobbying government or through industry mouthpieces like the International Chamber of Commerce or the Confederation of British Industry.
That CSR is design, criticised as being a PR stunt is unsurprising, bearing in mind that most CSR workers in companies sit in the communications and PR departments81, and considering that the strategies of CSR - dialogue with NGOs, codes of conduct, social reports - were all designed and developed by PR companies such as Burson-Marsteller, E.Bruce Harrison and ap biology question answers, Hill and ocr gcse product design, Knowlton82. CSR is a clear part of the industry's attempts to co-opt the environmental movement. This strategy has been outlined in detail by Ronald Duchin, senior vice- president of PR spy firm Mongoven, Biscoe and Duchin (MBD). MBD works to divide and conquer activist movements. Activists, he explained, fall into persuasive writing essays, four distinct categories: 'radicals,' 'opportunists,' 'idealists,' and 'realists.' He outlined a three-step strategy: isolate the radicals; 'cultivate' the product idealists and 'educate' them into becoming realists; then co-opt the leadership application realists into agreeing with industry83. CSR has created a language shift, a re-brand and a new caring.
Like the iceberg, most CSR activity is invisible. It is often an active attempt to product design coursework, increase corporate domination rather than simply a defensive 'image management' operation. 76. CSR is a strategy for avoiding regulation. Companies are essentially holding the government to ransom on. These arguments, however, simply serve to expose the sham of. If regulation distracts from best practice, then companies cannot be acting 'responsibly' because they believe it to be morally right to do so ? only to write about descriptive essay, because they are trying to get an advantage over their competitors. The argument that regulation would hinder voluntary efforts on design, the part of the foreign tourist expenditure in malaysia essay company to improve their behaviour has been readily accepted by a government keen to avoid its regulatory duties when it comes to curbing corporate power. The UK Department for International Development (the department charged with tackling global poverty, not the one set up to defend industry) dismissed the product design idea of an international legally binding framework for multinational companies saying that it would 'divert attention and energy away from encouraging corporate social responsibility and place essay, towards legal processes.'86 As this quotation shows, without any evidence for ocr gcse product coursework its effectiveness, the government is ap biology essay question, choosing CSR over making corporate exploitation and ocr gcse product coursework, abuse illegal. Regulation, including rules on: how corporations can be structured, as well as on the impacts they can have on ap biology, the environment and society, and their dealings with their workforce and ocr gcse product, other stakeholders, is the only way that a democratic society can control what is acceptable and persuasive writing essays, unacceptable in design coursework, corporate behaviour. Should corporations be able to oracle resume, decide for themselves what.
As Joel Bakan puts it, 'no one would seriously suggest that individuals should regulate themselves, that laws against murder, assault and coursework, theft are unnecessary because people are socially responsible. Yet oddly we are asked to believe that corporate persons ? institutional psychopaths who lack any sense of moral conviction and who have the power and motivation to cause harm and devastation in the world ? should be left free to govern themselves.'87. Lobbying against regualtion. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) has lobbied against: any binding emission targets in the Kyoto Protocol at the climate summits; the implementation of the Convention on Biodiversity; the inclusion of the precautionary principle in the Biosafety Protocol; and foreign essay, the Basel Convention banning the export of hazardous waste88. As a key organisation in the UN Global Compact, the ICC vigorously defended its position that the UN should in no way measure or regulate the way the companies live up to ocr gcse product coursework, the principles they have promised to follow89. Business Action for Sustainable Development (BASD) was launched in 2001 jointly by the ICC and World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD) to 'ensure maximum participation of the business community' in the Johannesburg Earth Summit in 2002. BASD succeeded in write on the function of managers, thwarting efforts to achieve binding international regulation of corporations through its promotion of voluntary mechanisms. BASD's chairman Mark Moody-Stuart (former CEO of Shell) argued that promoting a positive image of corporations was urgent, 'as others see the need for legislation and codes with teeth to make sure that business. is ocr gcse, compelled to leadership essay, adopt certain standards and procedures'90. Lobbying for coursework regulation. Environmental managers from BT and John Lewis (which owns Waitrose) complained that without tighter standards that everyone has to conform to, their companies put themselves at a disadvantage if they try to go green. 'All that counts', the sample resume man from John Lewis said, 'is cost, cost and cost.' If he?s buying eco-friendly lighting and his competitors aren?t,
Yes, I heard the product cry of the unicorn: a corporate executive, welcoming a European directive. And from the government? Nothing. Elliot Morley, the minister for climate change, proposed to do as little as he could get away with. The officials from the Department of leadership essay, Trade and Industry, to a collective groan from the men in suits, insisted that the measures some of the companies wanted would be ?an. Former Shell CEO Philip Watts put it this way, '. having thus prepared themselves it is in those Chief Executive Officers? interests to advocate societal and ocr gcse product, governmental changes in the right direction to speed up trends. The smart CEOs not only are going to tourist essay, orient companies towards sustainability, but also are going to orient society towards sustainability.'96. Similarly John Browne, CEO of BP, has called for 'the help of product design coursework, governments to establish the appropriate framework of incentives to move toward climate stabilisation'97. Jules Peck of WWF commented that companies are 'showing signs of discontent with trade associations that do not adequately represent their interests.
For many pioneering companies environmental regulation or economic instruments would reinforce their competitive position by pushing other companies to internalise more of their environmental costs.' But before we get too excited at the prospect of companies jumping the fence and joining campaigners in the push for progressive regulation, let's take a step back and ask a few questions. What kind of an essay on the of managers, regulation do they want? Why do they want it? Will it be effective? Can corporate power really be channelled in such a way as to support efforts to control corporate power? First, there is product design coursework, a difference between regulation and financial. Secondly, these companies are calling for regulation because. Where regulation is being called for it is only in organisation function of managers, areas that supports the company's competitive advantage. For example, retailers Boots, Marks and Spencer, H M and Electrolux have lobbied to support the EU REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) Directive99.
While this has been highly useful in ocr gcse coursework, combating the huge lobbying power of the chemical industry (REACH has seen the largest ever corporate lobbying campaign in essay question answers, Europe100), the retailers are not lobbying in the public interest any more than BASF and product coursework, the other chemical companies which have lobbied against the legislation101. Instead, the retailers want: to ensure that the costs of REACH are imposed on persuasive writing essays, the chemical producers and coursework, not retailers; to push for better regulation to minimise their own financial risk as end-users and retailers of harmful chemicals; to reap the rewards of having already sought to reduce harmful chemicals in their manufacturing processes and retail products in response to consumer demand; and to rebuild consumer trust in chemicals. It is, again, a hard-nosed business position. So companies are likely to support regulation when it supports their business strategy or capitalises on areas where they have invested, but they are unlikely to support the kind of across-the-board regulation called for by the corporate accountability movement. Because companies will only lobby for the type of on the function of managers, regulation that makes them more competitive, any regulation they support will be counterweighted by lobbying from competitors who would lose out if regulation is brought in. The powerful trade associations such as the CBI and ICC will tend to come out on ocr gcse, the side of the majority of companies who will be against regulation. The supposedly 'progressive' companies which are lobbying for oracle regulation remain members of the trade associations because membership protects their broader interests. Ocr Gcse Product Design Coursework! Is it possible to divide these powerful business lobbies against each other? Truly progressive regulation can only be implemented if public awareness and activism can rival the business lobby. This means mobilising people power on a grand scale to launch a major attack on corporate power. The market has no morality102.
Hand in persuasive writing essays, hand with pushing for further deregulation or pushing for favourable regulation (as above), companies are effectively capturing the issue space around major social and environmental problems and seeking to propose solutions which fit within a market-centred worldview. CSR asserts the classic free market line that the market will. Market-based 'solutions' distract us from this. If society's primary approach to ocr gcse coursework, tackling major social and sample oracle resume, environmental problems is to enable the powerful interests that caused the problems to profit from their resolution, then the very intention of design, solving these problems is write an essay on the organisation of managers, subsumed to coursework, the interest of persuasive writing essays, profit. Case Study: Carbon trading as a solution to cliamte change. The perversity of market mechanisms is ocr gcse product design, exemplified by carbon trading: allowing corporations to avoid reducing their emissions by buying carbon credits. As Tony Blair chillingly said in his address to the World Economic Forum, 'if we put forward, as a solution to climate change, something which involves drastic cuts in growth or standards of living, it matters not how justified it is, it simply won't be agreed to'[my italics]106. By this guiding orthodoxy, real solutions to the climate crisis are out, and market mechanisms are in. Carbon trading relies on the idea that once a price is assigned to the earth's carbon cycling capacity, markets will be able to respond.
Negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol quickly moved from productive discussions about the foreign tourist expenditure in malaysia essay nature of the climate crisis and ocr gcse coursework, the need for action to the issue of how corporations could profit from 'solutions'. Rather than legislating to cut emissions, Kyoto creates property rights: privatising the earth's capacity to absorb greenhouse gases. These emissions rights have an estimated market value of persuasive essays, $2.345 trillion, the 'largest invention of monetary assets by voluntary international treaty in history'107. Rights to emit are handed out ocr gcse product coursework directly to the Northern countries based on their historical level of tourist expenditure in malaysia essay, emissions, meaning that those that have polluted most in the past get the ocr gcse product design most free rights to emit. Most nations receiving these rights are in turn passing large quantities of them, for free, to to write, private companies in heavy industrial sectors.108 In addition, companies can fund energy-saving or carbon sequestration projects (storing carbon through, for example, planting trees) in developing countries to 'offset' their carbon emissions and create new carbon credits. Campaigners have catalogued a large number of concerns about the carbon trading system109.
They have shown that the idea of 'sequestering' carbon by planting trees to 'offset' emissions from burning fossil fuels does not equate to keeping the carbon reserves in the ground. Jutta Kill of SinksWatch argues that 'even in coursework, purely economic terms, a market in credits from ?carbon-saving? projects will fail. You simply can?t verify whether a power plant?s emissions can be ?compensated for? by a tree plantation or other project. Ultimately investors are bound to lose confidence in the credits they buy from such projects'110. That governments chose to adopt an untested, logically flawed and about essay, bureaucratically complex international trading system to address emissions reductions, rather than tried and tested methods such as taxation and ocr gcse product design coursework, regulation, represents an unprecedented triumph for the corporate capture of the debate on organisation function, climate change. Companies successfully staved off the threat that tackling climate change in a socially equitable way would represent to their profit margins. Larry Lohman of The Cornerhouse argues that '. Ocr Gcse Design Coursework! Kyoto-style carbon accounting systems [tend] to marginalize non-corporate, non-state and non-expert contributions toward climatic stability. The Kyoto Protocol?s market system. not only cannot succeed in essay, slowing the upward flow of fossil carbon into the overflowing above-ground carbon dump, but is also entrenching institutions and procedures that are likely to stand in the way of constructive approaches to ocr gcse coursework, climate change.'
Can the consumer really change the resume market? Firstly statistics suggest that consumers are not, in fact, consuming ethically, even when they are concerned about the social impact of products. In a Co-operative Bank survey, 89% of design, British consumers said they were concerned about social and environmental impacts, but only 18% said they reflect this in purchasing decisions111. According to a MORI poll, fewer than 5% were what they called 'global watchdogs' making purchasing decisions on primarily ethical grounds112. But, even if consumers did primarily choose products on ethical grounds, this does not address the fundamental issue: the persuasive writing essays volume at which we consume and the throwaway culture that goes with our over-consumption. The idea of ethical consumption also pre-supposes that consumers have access to unbiased information, but with millions spent by companies on ocr gcse design coursework, advertising, much of the available information is heavily biased. The principal purpose of ap biology essay question, advertising is to product, make the product seem more essential, more important, more exciting or, in sample, this case, more ethical than it really is. Since few consumers closely scrutinise a company's ethical claims, companies are able to ocr gcse product design coursework, get away with misleading messages even when they are refuted by independent sources.
Therefore, consumers are not truly empowered. Although corporations and government constantly refer to ap biology essay question answers, consumer power, consumers are often poorly informed and isolated; moreover, they have many vested interests in product, the system which means that their scrutiny is frequently limited to comparatively superficial issues. In some ways they are complicit with CSR, because they would like to believe it. Noam Chomsky points out that corporations use advertising to mould the consumer's desires and lifestyle, to the consumer's own detriment. He says, 'the ideal is to have individuals that are totally dissociated from one another. whose sense of value is ?Just how many created wants can I satisfy???113. So the disenfranchisement of consumers is a key part of tourist expenditure essay, corporate advertising strategies.
Through CSR, companies are trying to ocr gcse, appeal to ethical consumers but also to undermine the principle of ethical consumption. Consumers' primary concerns are cost and convenience. Because of this, consumers are unlikely to act on social issues in the same way that enfranchised citizens would if called on to make democratic decisions about what a corporation should and should not be allowed to do. Ethical consumption is often presented as democratic. Organisation Function! Companies are responding directly to the concerns of the public. If the product public were concerned then they wouldn't buy the product. Place! But does this argument stand up? The idea that consumers will 'vote with their pounds' is product, actually anti-democratic. It means that decisions are made on the basis of purchasing power.
Individuals' access to power is decided according to the size their wallets. But what about those who are too poor to participate in leadership application, the consumer economy? The power to decide what is and is not acceptable in ocr gcse product design, corporate practice should not reside just with rich consumers, but also workers, producers and communities globally who are affected by that practice. Focusing on ethical consumption lets the corporations off the hook. It's easy for corporations to deflect responsibility for persuasive writing inaction onto consumers who they have pushed into apathy. Ocr Gcse Product Design! But if they use the language of responsibility, then there must be an associated obligation, with or without consumer demand. Race to the top. In a report detailing the reasons for the collapse of the project, the authors deliver a sound critique of the supermarkets' analysis of CSR and contend that self regulation is not sufficient to create a significant shift toward sustainability in the sector115. The authors criticise the supermarkets attempts to conflate 'public good' with 'customer value', to keep ethics as a niche consumer choice rather than a corporate standard, to use their controlling position in the market to pass on responsibility and cost for sustainability initiatives down the supply chain whilst taking the credit.
They conclude that for essay question answers many civil society organisations, the demise of RTTT is a signal that only ocr gcse product design, 'command-and-control' regulation can tame the supermarket sector and that at least 'in such a relentlessly consumer-oriented industry, self-regulation and voluntary initiatives are only likely to be appropriate for concerns that are aligned with the mainstream consumer interest. The RTTT project reveals that the notion that the consumer will vote with their money is deeply flawed, that the consumer and the citizen are not one and the same, and that companies like supermarkets, that are highly consumer-focused, may listen to write on the function, consumers when it suits them but the broader concerns of the design citizen, in both the North and in the South, are ignored. Aside from being distinctly undemocratic, this model also means that the scope for change is limited to the concerns related to consumer choice. Corporate Citizenship: With responsibilities come rights. This kind of language shift creates a tangible shift in foreign tourist in malaysia essay, attitudes. Corporate citizenship buys companies access to public finance for risky projects abroad.
Companies which sign up to the OECD guidelines and complete environmental impact assessments gain finance and ocr gcse design, export credits through public bodies such as the World Bank's International Finance Corporation116 or the European Bank for Regional Development117. Corporate citizenship also legitimises the presence of corporations in international forums and, often, their lobbying activities. Corporations have a presence at all the important world summits from the G8 to ap biology essay question, the WSSD. Product Coursework! Their involvement is bought by their 'commitment' to CSR and persuasive writing essays, 'sustainability', and gives them the opportunity to dominate the agenda and put across their view of how the world should be run. The power and resources of the ocr gcse product design corporate citizen are such that real human citizens? concerns are marginalised. CSR as Public Private Partnerships. Through privatisation to government by corporations.
'Governments are a fundamental actor in governance, but increasingly non-state actors from business and civil society are seen to play key roles.'120. The old adage from Milton Friedman that 'the business of business is question answers, business' is proving untrue. Increasingly the business of business is power and control. While this has always been the case, the means and reach are now greater. Ocr Gcse Product Design Coursework! As social commentator Leslie Sklair put it, 'global capitalism has to on the organisation of managers, be politically active to maintain its project'. 121 CSR is taking us on product, a trajectory towards increased private takeover of government functions. It is ap biology essay question answers, not simply a form of PPP but a progression towards corporations taking on the role of product, governance. SustainAbility argues that CSR has evolved as a 'pragmatic response where government has failed or been weak122'. But CSR has been a mechanism in an essay organisation function, the weakening of government. It is ocr gcse product, a strategy borne out of the Thatcher/Reagan era of minimising government intervention and ap biology question answers, of policies driven by ocr gcse product design and on behalf of the corporations. CSR both weakens and sidelines democratic decision making.
It announces that democratic decision making in the form of regulation is unnecessary, and replaces the (dis)enfranchised citizen with the oracle resume 'stakeholder'. (See section on dialogue). SustainAbility's report, 'Gearing Up: From Corporate Responsibility to ocr gcse product, Good Governance and Scalable Solutions', argues that a window of opportunity is opening up for corporations, through their corporate responsibility initiatives, to take on a governance role in achieving sustainable development.123 The report claims to 'assess examples of private sector leadership in write an essay organisation function, preparing the ground or timely and effective public policy responses'124 and product, envisages greater corporate involvement in decision-making at the international level. According to the report, we can expect to see a shift from specific CSR projects to wider governance impacts and a change in the relationships between government, business and essay question, civil society. Case studies include carbon trading and Anglo American's programme of providing anti-retroviral treatment to staff125. These examples show how, in the context of emasculated state power, unaccountable corporations are gradually gaining influence over governance and decision-making, as well as taking over of the delivery of services. The authors of the report see a turning point where business will either embrace this opportunity, or suffer the backlash against ocr gcse product, corporate globalisation. Campaigners should be aware of the role CSR plays in positioning companies to capitalise on application, this. 'The gap between the market and the community will be closed. The only question is how and in which direction. rollback, a shift away from globalisation, is the ocr gcse coursework more likely outcome unless we manage to strengthen the fabric of global community. Ironically nobody is better positioned or has better capacity to play the lead role today than business itself.'126. Access to essay, 'emerging markets?
'Emerging markets' is the current business jargon for developing countries. The terminology betrays the fact that they view these countries purely in terms of economics. Corporate partnerships with both Northern and ocr gcse design, Southern governments represent an opportunity for both policy influence and market penetration, with companies that lead in CSR gaining preferential access to developing country markets127. The term 'corporate social innovation' has been coined to describe business practices aimed at 'supporting' sustainable development128. Case Study: Business Action for Africa.
The 2005 G8 Summit saw unprecedented corporate involvement. In the run up to the Summit, Tony Blair set up the Commission for place about descriptive essay Africa (CfA) to design, advise the G8 on promoting development in ap biology question, Africa. A key part of the CfA was the business contact group, Business Action for Africa, a lobby group of the leading multinationals in Africa including Shell, Anglo American, SAB Miller, British American Tobacco, Diageo and others.129. Just as BCSD, and later BASD, shifted the debate at ocr gcse coursework, the Earth Summit and World Summit on Sustainable Development from how to solve global environmental problems to how to make them a business opportunity, BAA has succeeded in turning debate from how to eradicate poverty in Africa to how corporations can benefit from the aid money being invested in the continent. This comes as little surprise since government and business attitude to 'development' comes from the same ideological standpoint ? that poverty can be tackled by increasing economic growth and attracting foreign investment that will trickle down to the poorest; while the negative impacts of corporate activity can be controlled, or conveniently ignored, Business did well at the G8. As Haiko Alfeld, director for Africa of the World Economic Forum put it, ?business has an enormous interest if $25 billion per year is to flow into Africa. clearly that will unleash enormous potential and business opportunities on the continent.? BAA's carefully worded recommendations to essay, the G8 and African leaders included130: Investment in major infrastructure to ocr gcse coursework, facilitate trade.
Replacing national markets with regional markets - reducing the national economic sovereignty of oracle, African countries. Streamlining the aid delivery process and involving the ocr gcse design private sector. National governments stepping back from 'those areas in. The overwhelming message of the group?s concluding statement. For Graham Mackay, Chief Executive of SAB Miller, the importance of oracle resume, increasing private sector dominance in Africa was clear. ?Aid won't go on forever,? he said.
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almost fluent resume If you read this blog, you probably know I have been learning Spanish. Product? It has been my first attempt to learn a foreign language in a functional, life-enhancing way, which would enable me to play, live, and do business comfortably in Latin America (among other things). I#8217;ve discovered some things that work, and some things that don#8217;t. Place About For A? In fact, I would say I have a decent idea of what works in product design coursework, terms of teaching yourself a language. I actually haven#8217;t taken a single, formal Spanish class, yet my Spanish level is pretty good. I think one of the sample concepts that I distracted me in the beginning, was the word #8216;fluency.#8217; For example, there are a bunch of blogs on the internet talking about #8216;fluency#8217;, even ones that talk about achieving it within a short period of time. In addition, the product design coursework word #8216;fluent#8217; seems to be the principal label people use when discussing foreign languages. Like if you tell people you know Spanish, many of them will immediately ask, Are you fluent? It#8217;s like it#8217;s the main reference point people have in persuasive essays, their conceptual architecture for language learning.
There is no gradient, or levels of various skills just fluent or not fluent. The problem is that so many people really have no idea what they mean when they say #8216;fluent.#8217; And, many people I have met who refer to #8216;being #8216;fluent#8217; are those that have not learned a foreign language, much less to a significant degree of proficiency. They may have taken a few classes in high school or college, but they really don#8217;t know what#8217;s involved in really knowing a language by living in a different culture that speaks the language. The label #8216;fluent#8217; is also like a tool people use to ocr gcse product design, qualify themselves. I#8217;m fluent in Spanish is a really cool thing to say. It#8217;s sexy. And it#8217;s even more sexy if you can say something like I#8217;m fluent in 4 languages #8230; The reality is the word fluent comes from the Latin root meaning #8216;flow.#8217; It means a natural, free-flowing motion or command of a language. The dictionary defines it as the oracle resume ability to express oneself readily and product design coursework, effortlessly.
Interestingly, fluency thus understood doesn#8217;t refer to resume, listening and understanding. The essential idea is that it refers more to your speaking ability. So#8230; if you still can#8217;t understand Spanish TV / movies / music, can you still call yourself #8216;fluent#8217;? Who knows! We don#8217;t know, or have a standard of reference for, what #8216;fluency#8217; really is. This is why people can throw around the term as they want to, saying things like I#8217;m fluent or I#8217;m fluent in 4 languages or I became fluent in 2 months . But this is also why, to me, it is not a very useful term. What really matters is ocr gcse your proficiency levels in speaking, listening, reading, and writing relative to your goals with the write on the language. Product? If you just want to leadership application essay, say a few survival phrases, so be it. That won#8217;t take long. If you want to live in a place for a few months and gain a little bit of conversational ability, go for it. Might take a few months.
If you want to live in a place for an extended time, converse with the girls and ocr gcse coursework, really get to know the persuasive locals, more power to you. It#8217;ll take some work over many months. Coursework? If you want to become fully proficient in the language, you#8217;ve got the boss socks. It will take a significant amount of question answers time, study, and practice#8230; probably years. #8216;Proficiency#8217;, by ocr gcse design the way, itself is foreign tourist a concept which has a certain degree of ocr gcse product standardization to write an essay on the organisation function of managers, it, and thus a more objective reference where you can have an idea of ocr gcse product design coursework where you stand. The Common European Framework reference levels for proficiency are broken down like this (go to the link for enhanced descriptions): There are language exams which test for sample resume, these levels of proficiency. So, with these reference levels and ocr gcse product coursework, their descriptions, you can have some idea of where you stand, particularly if you take one of the foreign proficiency exams. Now, you don#8217;t have to take a test or use this framework, but I think it gives you some objective feedback about your proficiency level if that#8217;s important to you. It#8217;s a similar thing with, say, a standardized algebra. If you know algebra, you#8217;ll pass a test with flying colors. If you struggle with it, you#8217;re not yet proficient at algebra, no matter how well you think you know it. It#8217;s the same with, say, golf.
If you want to know how good you are relative to product design coursework, the professionals, just go out and place to write about, play the ocr gcse product design coursework same golf course from the same tees and you will have a better idea of what your skill level really is. I think for most of an essay organisation us, though, we have an internal sense of how proficient we are in learning a foreign language. Product Design Coursework? We know if we can understand TV / movies / music. We know if we can speak their mind on foreign tourist expenditure in malaysia essay, any topic. We know if we can read the newspaper or write an email regarding something important. These levels are really they only thing that matter, and improving each one of ocr gcse product them is your path to proficiency. So, you can continue to write an essay organisation function, call yourself #8216;fluent#8217; out of habit, or out of ocr gcse product design coursework pride, or out of application assuring your blog readers that your language learning methods actually work#8230; But in the end, learning a language relative to your goals is ocr gcse product design coursework all that matters.
For the leadership application essay record, as of ocr gcse product this writing I would call myself very conversational in Spanish. Place To Write About? I can express myself as needed. I can tell the ladies almost anything I want to. #128521; I can read most of the ocr gcse newspaper. I still have difficulty understanding natives at their normal speed, but if they slow down a little bit, I can catch most things. I haven#8217;t taken a proficiency test, but would estimate my level to be a high B2, almost C1 level. I plan, of course, to eventually get all the way to persuasive essays, C2 with Spanish#8230; but this takes far more time than a few months #8216;hacking#8217; it to coursework, #8216;fluency.#8217; (It also doesn#8217;t help to be lazy in essay, your studies, like I am.)
What really matters, though, is the level at design coursework which you know yourself to persuasive essays, be, relative to where you want to ocr gcse product design coursework, go#8230; Just forget about the label #8216;fluency#8217; and foreign in malaysia, keep learning. Ocr Gcse? what you?re going through is commonly referred to as the (upper) intermediate plateau something that almost anyone at B2+ will experience. The difference between a B2 and a C1 is the use and familiarity with idiomatic expressions and sensitivities to different styles of language#8230;.things that you would hear on the radio, but not in a newspaper, things friends would say to each other but not to their boss. One of the most productive ways to place for a essay, get over this is to listen and read as much as you can, and in particular pay attention to phrases#8230;that means the way words collocate together in texts. You don?t need to keep a vocab list or anything like that, especially if you don?t have very well established study routines, but exposure to language, especially when you are already self-sufficient as you say, is essential for continual development. good luck with that! Thanks for the comments man! Definitely feeling the plateau lol. Yeah no probs! you might like to try something like showtime spanish podcast#8230;.or check outwww.openculture.com/freelanguagelessons.
Hi Ryan! Mariana here from Puerto Rico. Loved this post as I have been trying to ocr gcse product, figure out how to classify my language skills in my resume and persuasive, this really helped. In my case, I am proficient both iSpanish and product coursework, English although Spanish is essay question native to me. Being able to include this in my resume is important because eventually I would like to move to ocr gcse product, the States. Anyway, thanks for the post again. Sorry for any errors#8230; I am definitely still not proficient with my tablet. BTW, you probaby know already that Spanish is a language that is different in an essay on the organisation function, every country it is spoken. Even native Spanish speakers will not understand everything when speaking with someone from another Spanish speaking country. If you want to practice some Puerto Rican Spanish, let me know. Design? Thanks for the comment, Mariana#8230; would love to practice some PR Spanish!
I am learning reggaeton, does that count? #128521; I have my own problem. I#8217;m all confused because I hear people speaking Spanglish irl and online people don#8217;t speak correct espanol so when I put answers down for my Spanish class#8230; You can imagine the confusion#8230; O.O At least I can make friends in the language and answers, not insult people like that#8217;s a start#8230; My friends online don#8217;t even know what my primary language is! They say things like #8220;Sip#8221; for yep. Coursework? Is sip a thing.
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Addiction , Adolescence , Causality 928 Words | 3 Pages. A drug is a substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or other effects when taken or put into a human body or the . body .For other uses, see Drug (disambiguation). Page semi-protected Coffee is the most widely used psychoactive drug beverage in the world. In 1999, the average consumption of product design, coffee was 3.5 cups per day per U.S. citizen. Wine is a common alcoholic beverage. A drug is a substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or. Cannabis , Drug , Food and Drug Administration 1193 Words | 5 Pages.
U.S. are drug testing students in organisation function, hopes that it will curb student drug use. The majority of ocr gcse design, these policies target . student-athletes or participants in extracurricular activities, and on both sides of the debate, many questions remain: Is student drug testing an invasion of privacy? How prevalent are drug -testing policies in U.S. schools? Does research show that these policies work? A look at the facts provides a clearer picture about the foreign tourist expenditure essay, benefits and problems associated with student drug testing. . College , Drug test , Education 668 Words | 3 Pages.
Treatments of Drug Addiction Addiction is ocr gcse design coursework a dependence on foreign tourist expenditure essay, a substance or activity. It is a big problem around the world. Ocr Gcse Product! It is represented by leadership . the desires and behaviors of individuals. Addiction has serious consequences in real life that adversely destroy relationships, affect physical and mental health, and damages on the ability to ocr gcse product design coursework think effectively; therefore, it is also known as an to write about for a essay, illness due to the bad things that it does. It could be in many more different ways such as gambling, drugs , sex, and.
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Let me ask you something. Leadership Application! Do you feel secure when someone from your family members is a drug addict? Would you mind sharing a glass of water with a drug addict? Nowadays, drugs are easy to be possessed as the drug dealer are increasing in term of their number which mean drugs are getting more. Addiction , Domestic violence , Drug 1104 Words | 3 Pages.
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? Drugs Introduction to Drugs : A drug is a substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance . enhancing or other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of another animal and is not considered a food or exclusively a food. What is considered a drug rather than a food varies between cultures, and essays, distinctions between drugs and product coursework, foods and persuasive, between kinds of drug are enshrined in laws which vary between jurisdictions and aim to ocr gcse product design restrict or prevent drug use. Even within a jurisdiction. Cannabis , Drug addiction , Psilocybin 1752 Words | 8 Pages. DRUG ADDICTION DRUG : A chemical substance that alters the function of sample oracle resume, one or more body organs or the process of product coursework, a disease. . Drugs include prescribed medicines over the counter remedies and various other substances such as alcohol, tobacco and drugs of abuse that are used for non-medical purposes. Drugs are substances other than food that affect the way your mind and body works (Al Robertson et al). DRUG ABUSE Drug abuse is definable mainly in terms of societal disapproval. It may involve. Addiction , Benzodiazepine , Drug 1065 Words | 4 Pages.
A counsellor must be self-aware in order to avoid an unhealthy or dependent relationship. In order to be an effective counsellor, the . To Write For A Essay! individual must be able to separate his or her own feelings, needs, and perceptions of the client.It is also important for the counsellor to be conscious of their reactions to the client so that they are not perceived as encouraging dependence or neediness. Product Design! Self-awareness allows the counsellor to for a descriptive enhance his or her ability to understand and ocr gcse design coursework, be empathetic of the person. Avoid , Awareness , Communication 783 Words | 2 Pages. THE SIX RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION Right Drug Many drugs have similar spellings and variable . concentrations. Before the tourist in malaysia essay, administration of the medication, it is coursework imperative to compare the exact spelling and concentration of the prescribed drug with the medication card or drug profile and the medication container. Write On The Of Managers! Regardless of the drug distribution system used, the drug label should be read at least three times: 1. Before removing the drug from the shelf or unit dose cart.
2. Blood urea nitrogen , Dosage form , Drug 2225 Words | 7 Pages. Throughout history, America has been fighting against drug and alcohol abuse in teens and adults. Ocr Gcse Product Coursework! Many ways companies and anti . drug groups try to prevent drug and alcohol abuse is through education in school systems and out of school systems. They teach young students about drugs and alcohol before they risk being around them, and they teach older students about drugs while they are around in their daily lives. An Essay Organisation Function Of Managers! Are these education programs really necessary? That's the question many people ask, and. Addiction , Alcohol , Alcohol abuse 1117 Words | 3 Pages.
of music. Watching t.v., getting ready in the morning with a song, exercising, driving with the radio on, and even eating at a restaurant, all have a form of . Product Design! music that can or is to write about essay being played. The t.v. was simply put on ocr gcse design, silent with captions on to avoid the music but it was very difficult for sample, me since I like to multitask. Without sound, I had to constantly watch the t.v. to get news or watch my shows while doing other things such as preparing food or getting ready. As for getting ready in the morning. 2008 singles , Avoid , Meter 809 Words | 2 Pages.
Drug Addiction People have used drugs for ocr gcse product design coursework, as long as they have strained to ease pain and avoid problems. Since . the early 1960s drug addiction has been in very common. Essays! Drugs are theoretical to do ideal things but all they really do is destroy the product, human body. Tourist Expenditure In Malaysia Essay! Drug addiction is mostly found in teens and the most popular drug used widespread is alcohol. Drug addiction is a serious physical and design, psychological problem that has many factors including mental, physical addictions, and withdrawal. Drug. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 1502 Words | 4 Pages. Effects of Drug Addiction in America Drug addiction is a continual problem within the United States. The abuse of . drugs on an essay on the organisation function of managers, a daily basis can cause multiple effects.
An effect is a change that is the ocr gcse, result or consequence of an action. Therefore, some drug addicts may be affected socially, economically, and medically. Persuasive! One of the most serious social effects of ocr gcse product coursework, drug addiction is the breakdown of families. An addict can loose his/her family, as a result of behaviors and actions that put family members. Addiction , Cocaine , Drug 859 Words | 3 Pages. Andean Cocaine There were two men who made drugs Alfredo Bignon and Eduardo Balarezo. Coca is a dried leaf of the “subtropical Andean shrub . Elthycoxylon.” The traffic of essay question, cocaine is over whelming controlled by home grown, successful and eminently “Latin” entrepreurs and ocr gcse coursework, middle men. Resume! Pharmacist Alfredo Bignon had a laboratory of ocr gcse, his Droguera Botica Francesa around the corner of writing essays, main plaza.
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Whatever the circumstance, there are many things you can do to help someone sober up from drug addiction. Teens are under a lot of pressure to try drugs whether it comes from their curiosity their friends and peers or television and movies. They are also. Addiction , Adolescence , Drug 909 Words | 3 Pages. Addictions/ Drugs Butch Brown Com/156 Mary Martin . Sample! 04/21/2013 Addictions/ Drugs Freedom, family, and financial security are a value to the people in the United States. Some behaviors are frowned upon, such as crime, laziness, and the use of illegal drugs . Design Coursework! Drug abuse and addiction is not all about how much is consumed but has to do with consequences. Illegal drugs and abusers. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 1728 Words | 5 Pages. Drugs in Europe Elie Elias ENL 105 F Notre Dame University January 7, 2013 Outline Thesis: Drugs in question, Europe in 21 . century I. Types of Drugs A. Definition of Cocaine B. Definition of Heroin II. Effects of Drugs And Percentage in coursework, Europe A. Effects of ap biology essay question answers, Cocaine B. Ocr Gcse Product! Effects of Heroin C. Statistics And Tends III. Treatments A. Effectiveness of Drug Abuse Treatments B. Period of Drug Abuse Treatments C. European Approach To Drug Rehab Drugs.
Addiction , Cocaine , Drug 1330 Words | 5 Pages. that are most related to psychoactive drug reaction. The first layer of the ap biology, brain is the cortex which covers the top and sides of the brain. . Ocr Gcse Design Coursework! This area controls reasoning and language, and this area will be less active when under sedative drugs . The basal ganglia are located underneath the cortex and foreign expenditure in malaysia, it is made up of by coursework the striatum. The striatum controls muscle tone and is part of the dopamine pathway which is a potential transport highway for persuasive essays, psychoactive drugs . The hypothalamus is at the base of. Amphetamine , Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Benzodiazepine 933 Words | 3 Pages. Classical Argument Drugs and ocr gcse product design coursework, the Society The use of drugs has been a major issue and concern for leadership, our government and society . ever since they were created. There is an ongoing battle between the severity of marijuana and product design coursework, pills versus cocaine and application essay, heroine.
Due to the effects of cocaine and ocr gcse, heroine, citizens tend to view marijuana and prescription pills as socially acceptable, thus, causing our government to place relaxed laws and consequences on descriptive, those who use the coursework, “acceptable” drugs . Foreign Tourist Expenditure! This type of coursework, response. Drug , Drug abuse , Drug addiction 2086 Words | 6 Pages. be using drugs at about descriptive all. The drugs like alcohol, cigarette, and many more are consuming everyday are slowly killing them, it . destroys their life, drugs ’ laws criminalise teenagers, and teens that use drugs will create negative effects on their children. Drugs might be everywhere in our world, but we teenagers need to think about ocr gcse design our health and our future before accepting the devil’s offers.
Drugs destroy teenager’s life; drugs damage the brain’s functions and create hallucinations. Drugs make teenagers. Adolescence , Drug , Drug addiction 979 Words | 3 Pages. Drug Abuse amp; Dependency Some of the causes of drug abuse and dependency too show why some persons become drug . Ap Biology Question Answers! abusers are the following: 1. Socio-cultural deprivation. The influence of socio-cultural factors includes rejection, inadequate stimulation and communication and product design coursework, other related deficiencies in the family. Leadership! It is observed that a young drug dependent feels deprived of product design, some social relationships with other persons to satisfy his needs.
Early deprivation includes lack of maternal and paternal. Addiction , Behavior , Drug 2217 Words | 7 Pages. Islam and ap biology question answers, Drugs O You who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones and (divination by) arrows are an abomination of ocr gcse coursework, Satan’s . Ap Biology Essay! handiwork. Avoid (such abominations) that you may prosper. (5:90) Today’s youth has been taken on the toll of increased drug -usage, and this includes the young Muslims too. More Muslim youth is caught up in drugs than we wish to know. Coursework! Drug use among Muslims is essay a creeping enemy that involves the abuse of substances ranging from the inhaling of ocr gcse product, household.
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Edexcel GCSE Statistics Coursework. Extracts from design coursework this document. Edexcel GCSE Statistics 1389. PLANNING SHEET – MAYFIELD HIGH. My aim in this investigation is to query whether or not there is a correlation between height and weight and find out if this varies between genders. I believe that as a student becomes taller their weight will increase; due to this assumption I expect a graph of weight and height to show a rising trend. Listed below are my hypotheses. With the cumulative frequency graph displaying weight, the female’s data produces an almost perfect S-shape curve, whereas the male’s data has, what seems to be, an anomaly (the third point allocated at the weight of 45KG and an essay organisation of managers, cumulative frequency of 9) which affects its shape. For a symmetrical distribution, the median will lie halfway between the first and third quartile- neither of the medians lie halfway and so neither have exactly symmetrical distributions. The female’s median, however, is extremely close to product design coursework being halfway between the two quartiles showing us a more symmetrical distribution than that of the males; this may explain the almost perfect curve on the frequency graph which the points plotted for females produce.
The inter-quartile range is a measure of the central tendency, much like the standard deviation. The advantage of the inter-quartile range over the standard deviation, however, is that the inter-quartile range includes half of the writing, points regardless of the shape of the distribution. The smaller the ocr gcse product coursework, inter-quartile range, the more consistent the data is. The inter-quartile range for the weights of males appears to be 15 and the inter-quartile range for the weights of females is application, 10, 5 less than the males. This shows us the female’s weights are more consistent, another explanation as to why the female’s curve on the graph is closer to an S-shape than the males. Overall, it is evident from the cumulative frequency graph; females generally weigh less than males. Neither curves on ocr gcse product design, the graph displaying height are perfect- nor near perfect, S-shape curves and neither median lies halfway between the first and third quartile, and ap biology, so neither males nor females have symmetrical distributions. The inter-quartile range for the heights of males appears to ocr gcse product design coursework be equal to persuasive the females showing us both sexes have an equal consistency, nevertheless, it is clear males are generally taller than females as their mean is higher. After looking back at ocr gcse product the cumulative frequency graphs it is write an essay function, evident, particularly for the height of males, that I could have grouped the data more clearly. The third and product design coursework, fourth row in the group of male heights show a frequency of place to write for a essay, 0, which has an effect on the S-shape of the ocr gcse design, curve on my graph, and possibly having an effect on the lower quartile.
To improve I should have used unequal groupings to ensure no empty groups were present. Box plots are an informative way to display a range of numerical data. An Essay On The Of Managers! It can show many things about a data set, like the lowest term in the set, the highest term in the set, the median, the upper quartile, and the lower quartile. Using these from ocr gcse product design my cumulative frequency curves, I have drawn four box plots. Outliers are not present in every box plot drawn, except one where there is an extreme value which deviates significantly from the rest of the sample.The size of the box can provide an estimate of the kurtosis of the leadership application, distribution. A thin box relative to the whiskers indicates that a very high number of cases are contained within a very small segment of the sample indicating a distribution with a thinner peak whereas a wider box is indicative of a wider peak and so, the wider the box, the more U-shaped the distribution becomes. Looking at the box plots representing height, we can see the box plot for females is slightly more negatively skewed than that of the males, showing that most of the ocr gcse product coursework, data are smaller values, proving females generally weigh less than males. The medians lie at the same point- 1.6M, and they both have an equal inter-quartile range, nevertheless, the oracle resume, tallest male is 0.5M taller than the tallest female. As both boxes are of equal size both distributions are equally U-shaped. The box represents the middle 50% of the data sample- half of ocr gcse coursework, all cases are contained within it. The 50% of place about descriptive, data within the box for the males ranges between 1.55M and 1.7M whereas for the females it ranges between 1.5M and 1.65M, showing us females are generally shorter than males.
Looking at the box plots for product design coursework weight, we see that half the female's weights are between 45 and 55KG whereas half the men's weights lie between 45 and 60KG. The highest value for females is 70KG (ignoring the oracle, outlier) and for males: 75KG, the median for the males’ weight is 5KG higher than that of the ocr gcse, females. The lowest value which appears on the box plot for males is 30KG and the highest is tourist expenditure in malaysia essay, 75KG, giving us a range of 45KG. Looking at the same pieces of ocr gcse coursework, data for the females, we can work out that the range is in essays fact 5KG less than that of the males. Ocr Gcse Product Coursework! It is evident that the distribution of the female’s box plot has a thinner peak than the males attributable to the simple fact that the box of the sample oracle, female’s weight is far thinner than the males’. The distribution for the weight of males is, therefore, more U-shaped. The location of the box within the ocr gcse product, whiskers can provide insight on the normality of the sample's distribution, when the box is not centred between the essays, whiskers, the sample may be positively or negatively skewed. If the ocr gcse product, box is shifted significantly to the low end, it is positively skewed; if the box is ap biology, shifted significantly to the high end, it is product design, negatively skewed, however, none of the four box plots are shifted significantly to either the high end or the low end. Nevertheless, if I were to be analytical, I could say both the box plot showing the weights are positively skewed, despite them being insignificantly shifted to the lower end; they are edging more towards that direction than the opposite. These all illustrate that females do in fact generally weigh less than males.
An outlier appears on the box plot showing the weights of females, this may be the result of an error in measurement, in which case it will distort the interpretation of the data, having undue influence on many summary statistics- for to write example: the mean , however, if the outlier is a genuine result, it is important because it may perhaps indicate an extreme of behaviour or may have been affected by external behaviour, for ocr gcse design coursework example, dietary habits. For this reason, I have left the outlier in the data as I am not sure whether it be a genuine result or miscalculation, as a result of writing, not having information on exercise or dietary habits. To conclude, it is construable that my hypothesis was in fact correct. It is evident from ocr gcse design coursework all the graphs included that females are, in answers effect, generally shorter and product design coursework, weigh less than males. Whether this is ap biology question, attributable to, as studies show, the design coursework, varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced in place both female and male bodies, it is known females are generally shorter and weigh less than males. When the average male and female both reach the age of product, 20 it is said ‘females are generally 10 percent shorter than males and 20 per cent lighter’ and between the ages of 11 and 16 ‘males appear to generally be 15 percent taller and heavier than the female sex’.
After comparing my results to foreign tourist in malaysia essay articles and published graphs on the internet, I am able to ocr gcse product confirm that my hypothesis stating females are generally shorter and weigh less than males, was correct. After calculating the frequency density for sample oracle the male and female heights and ocr gcse product, weights, I created four histograms; the advantage of a histogram is that it shows the shape of the oracle resume, distribution for ocr gcse coursework a large set of writing, data and so was therefore able to ocr gcse product show me the shape of the distributions for male and female heights and weights, however, when using histograms it is more difficult to compare two or more data sets as we are unable to persuasive writing essays read exact values as the data is grouped into categories. For this reason I used standard to show whether or not the data is normally distributed. From a first glance at ocr gcse design the histograms it is oracle resume, easy to ocr gcse design coursework see they are not completely symmetrical but not entirely asymmetrical, I expect if I were to have used a larger sample the histograms would have appeared more symmetrical. Tables in which I used to create the histograms. From looking at the histograms, it is clear only two of these encompass curves which are appropriate to super impose normal distribution curves, and so for essay answers this reason I will not calculate the normal distribution. If I had, perhaps, selected a bigger sample it may have been possible to calculate the normal distribution as the histograms may have been more symmetrical. After calculating the standard deviation, it is evident for both height and product coursework, weight, that for the male data each value is ap biology essay, closer to the central tendency meaning height and weight are normally distributed more so for males than females. Coursework! Again it is clear males weigh less and are taller than females as the means for the males are higher than that of the femles. After calculating the spearman’s rank it is evident there is a correlation between height and weight, and the taller the person is the heavier they are, vice versa.
There is a weak positive correlation between height and weight for females and a moderate positive correlation for males as it is slightly stronger. The height and persuasive, weight of a person is affected by their age and gender. Coursework! I assumed that in sample oracle years 7-9 girls will generally be taller than boys- due to the fact girls tend to grow faster than boys during the early stages of product design coursework, development. Place To Write About Descriptive Essay! Boys will, however, eventually grow taller and so in years 10-11 I assumed the number boys taller than girls will be greater. I was correct. I also expected the relationship between height and weight to show a rising trend, although both trends for males and females were weak, they both showed this. It can be seen from all the graphs included that females are, in ocr gcse coursework effect, generally shorter and weigh less than males. Whether this is attributable to, the varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the ap biology, dissimilar hormones produced, it has been proved females are generally shorter and weigh less than males. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.
Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per ocr gcse design, month. Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays. Maths Statistics Coursework - relationship between the weight and height. 11 Girls: 86?1183?50=4 girls Now that I have calculated the number of boys and girls that have to be sampled from each year group, I can now sample randomly from my database that displays all the details of every boy and girl in place to write descriptive the Mayfield High School from years 7 to 11. of the male and female people in my sample.
A box plot will be plotted to show the ocr gcse product coursework, inter-quartile range and to see who is more intellectually smarter (Male or female). Male Average SAT's Results Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 x ? 2 2 2 2 x ? The purpose of this research paper is to present our findings on how the . Why should we be bothered when it seems to most observers that boys are the authors of their own misfortune? (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). The answer is 'every underachieving boy is a small tragedy for the individual; but a cohort of on the function of managers, underachieving men will be a huge problem for any society (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). Conduct an investigation comparing height and weight from pupils in Mayfield School. So therefore this meant that my hypothesis was correct but not very accurate because my results indicate that my hypothesis is generally correct but not for design coursework all students. I then hypothesised that separating boy and girls would produce stronger correlation, and my results indicated that my new hypothesis was correct. Offers and foreign tourist expenditure in malaysia essay, Stipulation in Lonely Hearts Advertisements: A Comparison of Gender and Age. or opinions, so it could be taken either way; that he wants an open-minded partner or he maybe implying that he wants someone with similar interests.
Open-minded friendly, considerate male, 41, 5'8, slim build, blue/brown, loves eating out, day-trips, boot-sales, seeks like-minded female for happy times. Statistics GCSE Coursework. Height and ocr gcse design, weight of pupils. The sampling method I am . 35 97.5 -8 64 1.45 92 72 3.5 88.5 7832.25 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.42 95.5 34 100 -4.5 20.25 1.42 95.5 52 44 51.5 2652.25 1.39 97 42 82.5 14.5 210.25 1.36 98 44 78.5 19.5 380.25 1.32 99 48 63. What affects a persons ability to estimate? In a graph I think these results would be easier to compare, therefore below is a column chart to evaluate both sets of essay, results: Observations and ocr gcse coursework, conclusions: - The column chart shows that the to write about for a descriptive, females are on average better at coursework estimating then males. Mayfield School Mathematics Statistics Coursework. Below is a table illustrating these values: Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Males Females 0.96 0.68 [Table 5: Male / Female Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients] The calculation of the product-moment correlation coefficient is such that it will lie between 1 and -1, with 1 meaning that there is perfect positive correlation, 0 no correlation and -1 perfect negative correlation. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work.
Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of sample resume, The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for design coursework anytime access on persuasive writing essays, your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.
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