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Australian Soldiers Fighting on the Kokoda Trail During WW2. Why was it so difficult for the Australians to fight on thesis the Kokoda Trail in 1942 during WW2? The battle of the Kokoda Trail occurred from July 1942 until January 1943 and is known as one of the most important battles of WW2. Located in essay liberty without discipline, Papua New Guinea, the Australian soldiers fought against the Japanese army in thesis crimes, order to protect Australia. The Kokoda was the ‘bloodiest’ of all battles in WW2 and included great involvement from the how to make an introduction paragraph in a research paper, Australian soldiers. It was very difficult for the soldiers to fight in a good thesis for hate crimes, the battle. They had to rely on the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels for help while they were struggling with the conditions and illnesses that the battle had to offer. The Kokoda Trail was a very difficult battle to paragraph research paper be involved in and the Australian soldiers looked to and relied on the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels for a good, help and assistance.
The Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels were the indigenous people of Papua New Guinea. The Australians gave them their nickname because of their crazy and fuzzy hair. As the guide bibliography, war was very difficult, the Fuzzy Wuzzys got involved and helped out the Australians as much as they could. Need essay sample on Australian Soldiers Fighting on the Kokoda Trail During WW2 ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. As there was no time to help the sick and wounded, the soldiers had to rely on the Fuzzy Wuzzys to for hate crimes treat them. They would turn into ‘human ambulances’ and carry the wounded back to their village where they would then treat them and make them feel better (Ham, 2004, p. 211). When the Australians were injured they would take off the bandages and rub their wounds with bush medicine or give them what they needed to have a fast recovery. The Fuzzy Wuzzys would be there at liberty, every call at a good statement crimes, any time of the day or night to assist the patients.
Considering they knew nothing about the war until the troops started moved through their area, they were very generous and plan, kind-hearted. P Ham stated “The men were not the only ones helping; the woman would carry the a good statement for hate, food too” (Ham, 2004, p. Guide! 211). The Fuzzy Wuzzys also helped the men come to terms with the thesis, conditions and what was happening during that time. If it wasn’t for in society, the Fuzzy Wuzzys the conditions and circumstances would have been far more difficult to deal with. While the battle was taking place, the soldiers formed a close friendship with the Fuzzy Wuzzys and the relationship they had made them even more determined to statement crimes keep on fighting. Because the soldiers had formed a good friendship with the Fuzzy Wuzzys, they knew that they could count on them to what be there when the soldiers needed them the most.
They usually needed them the most to help and mend the sick and injured, deliver food to them while fighting or help protect the a good, frontline from the enemy (Lindsay, 2009, p. 62). The Fuzzy Wuzzys saved hundreds of soldier’s lives and Australia has hailed them as heroes’ for their brave commitment. Without them, the soldiers wouldn’t have been able to win due to the difficult conditions. Throughout the battle of Kokoda there were many problems that the soldiers had to overcome due to the difficult conditions such as shortages in a good business, food, ammunition and equipment that they required. Apart from the difficult fighting, half of the men died from the harsh conditions such as exhaustion and lack of food and water. The soldiers were fighting every minute and it became very exhausting.
The terrain was undulated to the extreme and there was no short cut. There was only one way and that always meant they had to climb the steepest mountains. Bill James stated “A modern day bushwalker could walk the same distance in one hour that it took the a good crimes, soldiers all night to do” (James, 2006, p. 53). This proves that the conditions of the track made it very difficult to survive especially when they were exhausted and some wounded. Along with the difficult conditions, the soldiers had to carry all of their belonging on their back. They were required to carry 25-30kg of food, ammunition and equipment. ‘The Australian’ WWII Kokoda and New Guinea magazine stated, the equipment that they had to carry included; headgear, weapons, uniforms, footwear and very often walking sticks. Carrying all of this made everything far more difficult.
The Australians struggled with food and ammunition because it was so difficult to is writing instruction get the supplies up the track due to a good for hate crimes the conditions. Sometimes, by is writing the time the thesis statement crimes, food and materials reached the soldiers it was either wet from the rain or half of it got lost on the way. Dealing with the guide, food and ammunition shortages, the track conditions they also had to deal with the weather. While fighting on a good thesis statement crimes the Kokoda it rained almost every day. Patrick Lindsay stated that the total rainfall that was recorded while the battle was taking place was approximately five metres (Lindsay, 2009, p. Rampolla Guide Bibliography! 55). The rainfall along with the other conditions made it extremely difficult for the Australians to fight. The soldiers also suffered emotionally when their friends and other Australians died as they were all very close to each other. Some statistics from the crimes, Field Guide to Kokoda howed that there was over 400 Australian soldiers killed due to the fighting and sicknesses and 1600 wounded. All of the struggles that the soldiers had to deal with contribute to how just how difficult the battle actually was.
At the what instruction, battle of Kokoda, the conditions were so difficult and beyond imaginable that it caused many illnesses and crimes, diseases that the soldiers had to is impossible without self discipline overcome. While the battle was taking place there were more soldiers brought out of the battlefield due to illnesses than wounded. Both sides suffered many casualties due to sickness caused by tropical diseases. Due to the weather conditions, the wetness made the diseases spread even faster. The most common tropical diseases were malaria, parasitic infections and diseases caused by insects and a good for hate, mosquitoes (The Kokoda Trail). As these diseases were spreading around the soldiers, some of the time they had to call in doctors to operate. Saying this, the doctors could not operate near the front line due to the atrocious conditions and the continual attacks from the Japanese. Essays! This meant that if a soldier was not given medical help within a certain amount of time he would die. Statement For Hate! This happened in some cases. What! Men with serious wounds would get little treatment to a good thesis statement ease the pain. McKinlay stated that they needed eight men to relieve the wounded and eight men to carry the stretcher (McKinlay, 2004, p. 45).
Carrying a wounded soldier was a very difficult task. Through some parts of the paper, track a stretcher had to for hate be passed hand over hand up hill. This made it very difficult for the sick and wounded to get the help that they needed. Not only did the wetness cause the tropical diseases. Soldiers would quickly become malnourished, weakened and susceptible to catch one of the diseases (McKinlay, 2004, p. Rampolla Guide Annotated Bibliography! 5). Sublet, a lieutenant Colonel that fought in the Kokoda battle stated that having an alliance with the United States offered great relief for those Australians who were sick and wounded. The Kokoda Trail was so difficult for the Australian soldiers to thesis statement for hate fight in as the conditions were so horrific.
The soldiers were faced with supply shortages, illnesses and wounds along with the help from The Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels. The Kokoda Trail was an important part in Australian history and all of the soldiers are to be remembered and honoured as heroes for on true liberty self, protecting our country.
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A thesis statement for hate crimes
My Favorite Hobby Essays and Research Papers. Prior to a good thesis, her television success, she also had much success on her radio show My Favorite Husband. Rampolla Bibliography? The show was a comedy based . on based on the delightful stories of Isobel Scott Rorick's gay, sophisticated Mr. amp; Mrs. Cugat, starring Lucille Ball with Richard Denning (Brady 159). The show soon became a hit, thanks to thesis statement, Ball's humor.
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Hobby , Hobby horse , Leisure 1366 Words | 4 Pages. April 26, 2013 My Favorite Place Have you ever thought about how the place you live seem to have lack of places to go? Is . it really inconvenient to get to places? And sometimes when you go somewhere, you have to worry about the statement for hate crimes, weather. Where would you go?
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about my three favorite breeds of a good statement crimes dogs. THESIS: Any dog can make a great pet but my favorites are . chihuahuas, boston terriers and instruction boxers. Thesis Statement Crimes? INTRODUCTION I. Attention Material: I have been an what animal lover since I was a small child, but dogs are my favorite of all animals. II. Credibility: I have two dogs, a Chihuahua and a Boston Terrier. III. Thesis For Hate Crimes? Preview: My favorite three dog breeds are, Chihuahuas, Boston Terriers, and Boxers.
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ENGLISH COMP.2. ASSIGN 2 | A Description | | A description about my favorite desserts. Thesis Statement For Hate Crimes? | | Mrs. Mirelle Jayawardene | . 3/10/2013 | | My Favorite Desserts Everybody has their favorite games, cars and meals. Also everyone has their desserts and I have mine. All my favorite desserts have one thing in common they all are made with one ingredient that is “Chocolate”. Mmm!! Chocolate Desserts!
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Philip Underwood October 21, 2013 My favorite celebrity I’m writing . my essay on in college application essays is Maya Angelou. The reason why I’ve chosen her as my favorite celebrity is that she has given us the statement crimes, greatness of poems. Her poem’s to me is so remarkable. My favorite poem is “Still I Rise”. This poem is so influential to me because the what is writing, poem is so powerful. The thing I am going to discuss about Maya Angelou is her childhood, career beginnings, later successes, and her.
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? My Favorite Artist: Yayoi Kusama Nanxuan Zheng Art 470-02 Emmalyn Gennis November 7, 2014 . Yayoi Kusama, a Japanese contemporary artist and writer, started to paint using polka dots and liberty is impossible self discipline nets as motifs at around age ten, and created fantastic paintings in thesis for hate watercolors, pastels and without oils. Her work has transcended two of the most important art movements of the second half of the statement crimes, twentieth century: pop art and quotes in college minimalism. Her extraordinary and highly influential career. Art , Contemporary art , Expressionism 1360 Words | 8 Pages. Corina Termini. My favorite movie: “The Notebook” Movies give you inspiration to do or change many things in Life.
This is a . A Good Statement For Hate Crimes? huge benefit on watching movies because they often give you something to learn from, you can see probably how a bad decision can change you life forever, how people influence can sometimes be bad for you, how everyone is essay capable of good thing in life, how by working hard you can achieve you goals, etc. So, trough movies you can get motivated and look forward in your life. English-language films , Horror film , Love 973 Words | 3 Pages. Dangerous Hobbies Breanna Fowkes 401 November 6, 2013 Compare and . Contrast Essay Final Copy Breanna Fowkes 401 11/4/13 CC FC Dangerous Hobbies Everyone in the world has a favorite hobby , whether it is art, reading, sports, fashion, anything, everyone has at least one that they enjoy above all the rest. Each hobby is chosen for statement crimes, a different reason, sometimes it’s just because of the fun, other times the thrill, maybe. Arabian horse , Domestication of the horse , Draft horse 880 Words | 3 Pages.
GUITAR IS MY HOBBY Good morning to madam Wan Narmi Aziana and my fellow friends, today I would like to talk . about in college essays my hobby . Everybody has his or her own hobby . For me, my favorite hobby is a good thesis statement music and playing a guitar and of course, listens to music as well. I like Jazz and other genre such as Pop and make an introduction in a paper Classic, because this music creates a unique different feeling when you listened to thesis for hate crimes, them. It gives you the feeling of how to make an introduction paragraph in a relaxation and has many unexpected tunes that actually very nice to hear from statement for hate, a. 2008 albums , Blues , Guitar 515 Words | 2 Pages. Running head: CHARMED: MY FAVORITE TV SHOW Charmed: My Favorite TV Show Tolby Markham Kaplan . Essays? University LS 526-01: Academic and Professional Writing for Graduate Students CHARMED: MY FAVORITE TV SHOW Charmed: My Favorite TV Show Charmed, I’m sure! Are you? Charmed is the story of The Charmed Ones – the most powerful good witches the statement, world has ever known, whose job is to rampolla, protect the innocent and not blow their cover. When their grandmother, Grams, suffers a heart attack, Prue. Alyssa Milano , Charmed , Holly Marie Combs 1143 Words | 4 Pages. I am a student in the Model School. A Good Thesis For Hate Crimes? It is situated near our house.
Every morning my elder brother escorts me to the school. Guide Annotated? He comes again to . pick me up in the afternoon. I like my school very much. Thesis Statement For Hate Crimes? The teachers are good and helpful. They teach us many new things every day. My classmates are also good. I have three intimate friends in my class. They are Ramen, Peter and Suleman. Application Essays? I invite them on my birthday in a good for hate our house. Our school is surrounded by a green lawn. There is instruction a small park at a good statement crimes, the back.
Collecting , Gardening , Hobby 1049 Words | 3 Pages. PART A: OUTLINE: I. Essay Liberty Without Self Discipline? DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY: Outline: Introduction: Holiday celebrations are often a very fun and festive time with my family. . Thesis Statement Crimes? One such holiday is Tet holiday of year. Many families have fun days filled with love, gift sharing, eating, fun times and laughs. In my family the entire family gathers at my grandparent’s home. Body paragraph: Decoration: - Outside: + Lights + Flowers + Parallel sentences . Family , Grandparent , Ho Chi Minh 830 Words | 4 Pages. My Familiar Escape In the story “The Way to Rainy Mountain,” by N. Scott Momaday, Momaday relates to his special place which is Rainy . Mountain. In College? It holds the thesis statement for hate, harshest weather on earth, but is still spectacularly beautiful to him.
There is a place I love as well, and find myself looking forward to every year. I count the days until I hop on the plane to technology essay, reach my destination. I have nearly memorized every detail of my exquisite paradise and feel my “home away from home” is equally as excited to receive. Arecaceae , Hawaii , Humidity 1179 Words | 3 Pages. In my stay here, in a good statement the University of the Philippines, Los Banos, I can say that I have encountered things that I had never met before. I met . Make In A? new friends, new classmates, new teachers, new environment, and so much more that I have to adjust to. One of the things that I just knew from my stay here, in statement for hate the university, is the study of Human Ecology. In this campus, I was given the bibliography, subject HUME10. I had lots of a good thesis for hate impression about this subject before the technology, start of classes. Before, I felt annoyed when I. Emotion , Female , Gender 900 Words | 3 Pages.
Through my childhood I was introduced to television, cell phones, and thesis crimes the computer, but there was something that caught my . attention the most, which were video games. This huge franchise of bibliography entertainment would change my life forever, it created this barrier from keeping me inside the house, it gave me this obsession to continue playing, the desire to win. But most importantly it brought happiness to me and it became one of a good statement for hate crimes my favorite hobbies I enjoy doing even till this day. One of my favorite systems. Bin Laden family , Game , Osama bin Laden 921 Words | 3 Pages. masterpieces Stylin', while in Livin’ it up in the city Got Chucks on with Saint Laurent Got kiss myself I’m so pretty I’m too hot (hot damn) Called a . police and on true liberty is impossible without self discipline a fireman I’m too hot (hot damn) Make a dragon wanna retire man I’m too hot (hot damn) Say my name you know who I am I’m too hot (hot damn) Am I bad 'bout that money Break it down Girls hit your hallelujah (whuoo) Girls hit your hallelujah (whuoo) Girls hit your hallelujah (whuoo) ‘Cause Uptown Funk gon’ give it to you ‘Cause Uptown Funk gon’. 2009 singles , ARIA Charts , Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles 571 Words | 3 Pages. My Favorite Place: The Virgin Islands. ?Rachel Fraser English 1102 Diebert September 12, 2013 My Favorite Place As I walked into the room filled with vivid . colors and statement for hate sweet smelling perfume, a taste of freshness and rejuvenation captured my attention. It was as if the world came to a sudden stop and the closest thing to heaven was this room. Make Research? The lights created an array of scenes that suddenly became blinding.
I closed my big brown eyes for a second, and opened them up again. I looked outside at the vibrant sun causing beams of. Blue , Green , Humidity 1245 Words | 3 Pages. Southeast for Miss Cherokee Survivor. We also have the a good for hate crimes, Easyriders tour truck and two concerts featuring national acts. How To Make An Introduction Paragraph Research Paper? The event is held rain or shine, and . there is a minimal fee for the three-day event. With that, I will tell you about my most recent time away with my husband. I will tell you about the scenic route that we take to get to Cherokee, North Carolina. We go through Ellijay then Blue Ridge.
We go through the Gorge where we usually stop and watch the people in canoes and thesis for hate crimes rafts go. Blue Ridge Parkway , Cherokee , Comma splice 1488 Words | 4 Pages.
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Alcohol Addiction Essays and Research Papers. Alcohol Addiction It is becoming increasingly difficult to ignore the problem of addiction , which affects many . individuals, families and communities everyday. This essay is going to look at statement for hate the prevalence of addiction in technology, Scotland and what the Scottish Government are proposing to do to statement crimes reduce the guide annotated damage caused by addiction . There are many other stakeholders in the scheme to make Scotland a better place these are: individuals themselves, friends, family, communities, local governments and the National. A Good Statement? Addiction , Alcohol , Alcohol abuse 2380 Words | 7 Pages. ?Alcoholism addiction What is alcoholism? Alcoholism is when you abuse alcohol , you continue to an introduction paragraph research paper drink even though you know your . drinking is causing problems. Thesis Crimes? If you continue to is writing abuse alcohol , it can lead to alcohol dependence. Alcohol dependence is also called alcoholism.
You are physically or mentally addicted to statement for hate crimes alcohol . You have a strong need, or craving, to drink. You feel like you must drink just to get by. Application Essays? For more than millions of people have been affected by an addict that destroyed their. Addiction , Alcohol , Alcohol abuse 1341 Words | 3 Pages. not healthy. The problem of alcohol and a good for hate drug abuse is of central concern nowadays. It is guide bibliography, especially acute among the youth and statement this fact . How To Paragraph Paper? horrifies most of all. Today the statistics shows deplorable numbers of young people, drinking and taking drugs. Alcohol abuse is itself very harmful for a good thesis statement for hate, a human organism, especially for technology, a young one as it destroys brain cells and a good for hate crimes other organs.
However, the harmful effect on different apparatuses is not the only harm brought by alcohol abuse. The consequences of alcoholic. Addiction , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholism 1032 Words | 3 Pages. Alcohol Addiction Alcohol is everywhere in our culture and annotated society, sharing a bottle of wine over a meal, going . out for drinks with friends, and statement crimes celebrating special occasions with champagne. Alcohol is such a common popular element in many activities; it can be hard to see when your drinking has crossed the line from what moderate or social use to problem drinking. Having a drinking problem has many effects in a good statement, your life.
If you are not aware of your problem you can have many physical, economic, social. Addiction , Alcohol abuse , Alcohol withdrawal syndrome 915 Words | 3 Pages. Alcohol Addiction Laurie Evans COM/156 August 4, 2013 Alcohol Addiction Is alcoholism a . disease of addiction ? This is the question you will find answers to in the technology essay following paper. Let’s start by defining what a disease is. A disease can be defined as any harmful, depraved, or morbid condition, as of mind or society.
Alcoholism can be defined as a disease because if one consumes more than the recommended amount you can have memory loss, become violent, and in some cases become depraved. Addiction , Alcohol , Alcohol abuse 1711 Words | 5 Pages. How much alcohol do teens use? Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by a good thesis statement for hate, teenagers in the United States. About half of junior . high and what senior high school students drink alcohol on a monthly basis, and a good thesis statement for hate crimes 14% of teens have been intoxicated at least once in quotes essays, the past year.
Nearly 8% of teens who drink say they drink at least five or more alcoholic drinks in a good thesis crimes, a row (binge drink). In Society Essay? What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens? Just a few of the a good statement for hate many dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens. How To Paper? Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage 1360 Words | 4 Pages. Alcohol Addiction and a good thesis for hate Tlr4 Receptors. linked to the cause alcohol addiction Alcohol has long been known to increase the activity of the ?-aminobutyric . acid (GABA) receptor but recent studies have shown that the Toll-like receptors (TLR) also play a significant role in the long term effects of alcohol on the brain (Szabo et al., 2007). Excessive drinking is a big killer in the United States today, taking an average of nearly 75,000 lives a year (Liu et al., 2011).
Binge drinking, defined as having a blood- alcohol level ? 0.08 g% in. Alcohol abuse , Alcoholism , Binge drinking 1692 Words | 5 Pages. In A Paper? Addiction Addiction Abstract Addiction knows no prejudice; it does not care what . race, religion, sex or orientation. You can be addicted to drugs, gambling, x-box, shopping and eating. Addiction is an illness that requires, for most, professional help and thesis crimes that once you are an addict you are always an addict. Addiction is everywhere, from celebrity tabloids, to television, and possibly to a family member or close friend. There is alcoholism, drug abuse, and gambling. Essay Liberty Without Self? Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 2636 Words | 7 Pages. ? The Cause of Addiction COM/156 Each year, there are more deaths and disabilities in the U.S. from substance abuse . A Good Statement For Hate Crimes? than from any other cause. In the United States alone, it is reported that roughly 18 million Americans have alcohol problems; 5 to 6 million have drug problems, and more than 9 million children live with a parent addicted to in society essay alcohol or illicit drugs. Drug addiction continues to statement be a growing concern, prompting medical and scientific research on guide annotated, a global scale.
Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 1663 Words | 5 Pages. ? ALCOHOLS , ETHERS, AND PHENOLS Juris Marie G. Garcia Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City Date . Performed: February 27, 2015 Date Submitted: March 06, 2015 Answers to Questions: 1.) Balanced equations: A. Lucas Test Test Sample Equation Ethyl Alcohol C2H5OH + HCl + ZnCl2 ? C2H5Cl + H2O Isopropyl Alcohol (CH3) 2CHOH + HCl ? (CH3) 2CHCl + ZnC2 + H2O Tert-butyl Alcohol (CH3) 3COH + HCl + ZnCl2 ? (CH3) 3CCl + ZnCl2 +H2O Benzyl Alcohol C6H5CH2OH + HCl + ZnCl2. Acid , Alcohol , Carbon dioxide 431 Words | 2 Pages. Addictions can be something scary for everyone involved. There are several different types of addictions that are dealt with . every day in our society. When someone has an addiction to something it not only affects them, but also anyone around them that could be impacted. Crimes? There are many different treatments depending on a good plan, the specific addiction . As well, there are many different causes to statement various addictions . This is an in college application essays, important topic to understand whether you are the one addicted or someone looking.
Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 2157 Words | 6 Pages. ?Genetic explanations for the Initiation of addictions Heritability of addictions such as alcoholism and a good thesis for hate gambling can be studied . through family and twin studies. Guide Annotated Bibliography? The presumptions of a good thesis twin and what is writing instruction family studies are that if family members share similar behaviours, then the degree to which the thesis for hate crimes behaviours are caused by genetic factors can be examined. There are two types of twins, identical and non-identical. Identical twins are monozygotic (MZ) as they came from the same egg, and therefore share an identical. Addiction , Alcoholism , Dopamine 1414 Words | 2 Pages. ? Alcohol Facts and statistics ( www.niaaa.nih.gov-2012 ) Global Burden of alcohol abuse, In 2012, 3.3 million deaths, or 5.9 . Application Essays? percent of all global deaths (7.6 percent for men and 4 percent for women), were attributable to alcohol consumption.. Alcohol contributes to a good statement for hate crimes over 200 diseases and injury-related health conditions, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers, and injuries. In 2012, alcohol accounted for in college, 5.1 percent of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) worldwide.
Globally. Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcohol dependence 838 Words | 3 Pages. does alcohol addiction break family apart. Parents who suffer with alcohol addiction can disrupt a family’s life and cause harmful effects that can last life long time. The . effects that are experienced by the members of a family may be different from thesis statement one to another. On True Liberty Is Impossible? Children of alcoholic parents are defined as those who grow up in a home with at thesis least one alcoholic parent (About.com, 2008). A Good Business? According to a good Berger (1993), most children with alcoholic parents have many common symptoms such as low self-esteem, loneliness, guilt, feelings of helplessness. Addiction , Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage 998 Words | 3 Pages. these understandings on addiction to social care practice.
The word “addict” originates from Roman law where an in society essay, individual is compelled to . his or her creditor place of payment of debt (Ross et al, 2010). As Dunnington states that addiction is defined a number of crimes different ways. Addiction is defined as a “brain disease” personifies by “compulsive use of drugs” this definition comes from the Institute of Medicine (2011). The National Institute on Drug Abuse defines addiction as a “chronic, relapsing. Addiction , Brain , Drug 996 Words | 3 Pages. Addiction The Tabers medical dictionary defines drug addiction as a compulsive and maladaptive dependence on what, a drug that . produces adverse psychological, physical, economic, social, or legal ramifications(5). For Hate? In the U.S., the abuse or misuse of essay liberty is impossible self prescription drugs has been identified by thesis statement crimes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a growing problem.
In 2007, for example, the CDC reported that more than 27,500 Americans died of drug overdose, an quotes in college application essays, increase of more than 100% in for hate crimes, the preceding. Addiction , Drug , Drug abuse 1324 Words | 5 Pages. Addiction and Addictions Internet Addictions. Technology Essay? damaging today's society. Addictions are a fast growing concern, it has branched off and caused many problems whether it be related to a good statement drugs, . What Is Writing Instruction? alcohol , gambling, sex, Internet, or eating. Addictions are something society faces everyday. Although there are many reasons behind why addiction are growing, and where they stemmed from, today's society has focused primarily on a good thesis statement for hate crimes, how someone with an a good plan, addictions problem can seek help. Thesis Statement Crimes? Also the many Gaps and a good plan Barriers around addictions are enabling people who wish. Statement Crimes? Addiction , Alcohol withdrawal syndrome , Alcoholism 1328 Words | 5 Pages. How To An Introduction Paragraph? Alcohol : Past, Present, and statement crimes Future Karl Ballenger Mrs. Hines Communication Arts 200 period 7 February 20, 2007 . The beginning of Alcohol While no one knows when alcohol was first used as a beverage (or even created) we do know that it has been used for over ten thousand years.
Archeologists to this day are discovering old beer mug containers from the B.C period. Some other archeologist and rampolla guide annotated bibliography a few scientists believe it was created in an experimental. 1920s , Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage 1871 Words | 6 Pages. Cultural History of Alcohol Alcohol has been around for a very long time, and it is clear to thesis statement for hate see the culture impact it has . made throughout history. People perceive alcohol in many different ways; depending on gender, age, religious background, or social upbringing (Hanson 11). Throughout history alcohol has affected different cultures and various demographics. Drinking alcohol is very exciting in many cultures, along with being one of the essay on true oldest rites of passage, especially in modern day American. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 940 Words | 3 Pages. Statement For Hate? positions commonly viewed about alcohol . The first view is that alcohol is okay if used in liberty without self discipline, moderation and the second view is . that there is to be complete and total abstinence from the use of alcohol , and I will explain why the Bible teaches us total abstinence.
The alcohol found in beverages such as wine, beer, and whiskey is ethanol, a clear, highly flammable liquid that has a burning taste and a characteristic odor. When a person consumes an excessive amount of thesis crimes alcohol , enough to reach a five percent. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1224 Words | 3 Pages. NICOTINE ADDICTION Nicotine addiction is a serious mental disease and illness. There are currently 1.35 billion smokers in how to an introduction in a research, the . world today and that number is increasing at an alarming rate. Nicotine related diseases are the number one killer in the world. It is responsible for more deaths each year than drug and alcohol abuse, car crashes, AIDS, murder and suicide put together. There are few ways to fight this addiction , like rehab, the nicotine patch, nicotine gum, or the new drug, Chantix. Nicotine.
Addiction , Cigarette , Dopamine 882 Words | 3 Pages. The awareness of addictions is growing at an alarming rate in a good thesis for hate crimes, the United States. Many health care professionals are working overtime in . treating people with disabling addictions . But within the mental health care profession, many are divided as to the arising issue and cause of addiction . Deaths caused by drug overdoses have risen drastically over the pass decade. Is Writing? Many health care and drug treatment professionals are working overtime in for hate crimes, treating people with disabling addictions . Within the mental. Addiction , Drug , Drug abuse 1732 Words | 5 Pages. Phobias and an introduction paragraph in a research Addictions Joe Blow General Psychology University of Phoenix PA10BSP03 Phobias and Addictions With extensive . research over thesis for hate crimes the years in the field of psychology, people have a better understanding of how the human mind works and how the what is writing instruction mind affects ones behavior. Phobias and addictions are two emotional situations that have in one way or another, occurred in the lives of everyday people. Different theories expose behavior through an understanding of thought processes. A Good Thesis Statement For Hate? The theories.
Addiction , Alcoholism , Behaviorism 885 Words | 3 Pages. Rampolla Bibliography? Internet addiction Title: The problem of Internet addiction is clearly a serious problem and the group most susceptible to it . are university students. Discuss Nowadays Internet takes up an important place in our society. Since its invention it has a big influence on our private and working life. Especially university students pass their spare time surfing the a good thesis statement for hate crimes internet without knowing their limitations. Internet is a dangerous trap for young people. In this essay the focus will be on the factors. Addiction , Internet , Internet access 723 Words | 3 Pages.
Effects of Alcohol Alcohol can have some good benefits and then some bad ones, for example when you drink you can encounter . Is Impossible Discipline? yourself having a good time laughing and joking around with your friends, or you can find yourself angry wanting to argue and start fights with everybody. If you’re a “happy drunk” you probably don’t have bad alcoholism in your family, and you can control your drinking with the attitudes it may drag along. While on the other hand if you’re an “angry drunk” you may not be. Addiction , Alcohol , Alcohol abuse 965 Words | 3 Pages. ?E Nicotine Addiction Nicotine addiction . I am sure that everyone heard about a good thesis crimes, it or had contact with addicted person. . Business? Nicotine addiction is one of the biggest problems of modern society. According to the studies nowadays there are about 1.3 billion smokers in thesis, the world. Business Plan? According to the scientists is: 1000x more potent than alcohol more than 5 x stronger than cocaine or morphine What does it mean for us? Well basically is one of the thesis most addictive substances in the world. In other words if. Acetylcholine , Addiction , Dopamine 1580 Words | 5 Pages. ?Abstract Alcohol is one of the most readily available and most misused substances.
Teenagers are going to experiment with drugs and . Technology In Society Essay? alcohol , but they don’t seem to see the link between what they do today and a good thesis statement the consequences on tomorrow. Alcohol abuse in essays, teenagers is on the decline but it is also still the leading cause of for hate teenage death. There are also long term and short term health effects that come along with abusing alcohol as a teenager. Annotated Bibliography? Children of alcoholics are a lot more likely to abuse. Addiction , Adolescence , Alcohol 1100 Words | 5 Pages. ?INTRODUTION Drug addiction is the chronic disease affecting the brain, and just everyone is a good statement, different. Drug affect different ways. One . person can take and abuse drugs, yet never become addicted, while another merely has one experience and is immediately hooked. Addiction explain and is charactererized by a person having to used the drugs repeatedly, regardless of the damage it does to their health, family career, and their rrelationshipwith friends and the community.
Addiction is not limited to. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug abuse 810 Words | 3 Pages. How To Make Research Paper? Discuss biological approaches to addiction (9+16 Marks) The genetics of addiction : * People who have an addictive . personality are likely to be predisposed to it because of thesis their genes. * Family and twin studies have demonstrated that genes contribute towards the development of alcohol dependence, with heritability estimates of between 50 and what is writing 60 % for both males and a good thesis for hate females. McGue, 1999 * Fowler et al, 2007 – found that in a study of 1,214 twins genetic influences played a role in the. Addiction , Alcoholism , Dopamine 664 Words | 3 Pages. Adolescence and make an introduction paragraph research paper Addiction Nelly Leenman Liberty University Adolescence and Addiction Using alcohol , illegal . Thesis Crimes? drugs and guide annotated tobacco among adolescents has become very common and a good for hate is therefore a serious public health problem. Though the number of what adolescents who smoke tobacco has declined, this too remains a problem of serious concern. Alcohol , tobacco, and a good statement illegal drugs are addictive which means that the body can become dependent on them in order to function properly. “Use of alcohol as well as other. Addiction , Alcoholism , Brain 2332 Words | 10 Pages. Understanding Addiction Limestone College Abstract As early as 1939 with the guide bibliography publication of the first edition of the Big Book of . Alcoholics Anonymous the medical community was aware that addiction was more than a moral shortcoming. A Good Statement For Hate Crimes? In the first addition of the book in the chapter The Doctor’s Opinion, Dr.
William Silkworth (1939) wrote the business following, “We believe, and so suggested a few years ago, that the a good thesis statement action of alcohol on plan, these chronic alcoholics is a manifestation of an allergy; that. Addiction , Alcoholics Anonymous , Alcoholism 1317 Words | 2 Pages. ALCOHOL ABUSE Health Education May 21st , 2014 Citations National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Gale . A Good Crimes? Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 May 2014. Alcohol Abuse and Addiction . Alcohol and Tobacco: America's Drugs of Choice.
Detroit: Gale, 2006. Essay Liberty? Information Plus Reference Series. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 May 2014. Drunkard Attacks Wife. Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner. Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage 1010 Words | 2 Pages.
Neurobiology and thesis for hate crimes Addiction Drug and alcohol addiction is a huge problem that Americans have been battling to how to make an introduction in a research paper solve . for a good for hate, many decades. Although this issue is hidden and guide annotated ignored, it is a growing prevalent issue that needs to be addressed immediately. In August 2002, Harvard school of public health conducted a study on “Americans views of the seriousness of health problems”. Out of the 36 problems noted, the number one problem with 82 percent of the thesis public vote was drug abuse. In our current society. Addiction , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholism 2092 Words | 6 Pages. Effects of Addiction to Drugs and Alcohol.
Effects of a good business plan Addiction to Drugs and Alcohol Drug is a good for hate crimes, a substance used as a medication or in the preparation of medication. How To Make An Introduction In A Paper? An . alcoholic beverage, on the other hand, is thesis for hate crimes, a drink that contains 3 to 40 percent alcohol (ethanol). Reading these definitions sound trivial right? However, abusive usage of essay on true liberty without self both the former and the latter may result to severe effects on both physical and psychological aspects of the human body. A Good Thesis For Hate? But what exactly are the things that drive a person to technology in society essay obsess with the two? The causes. Addiction , Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage 341 Words | 2 Pages. already done by their friends and establish their own identities. Seventy percent of a good statement for hate high school students have had at least one alcoholic beverage, and they . are often with their friends when they drink. Teenagers and young adults get involved with alcohol and drugs for many reasons.
Some examples include: • Curiosity: They want to know what it feels like to get high or be drunk. • Peer pressure: Their friends are doing it. • Acceptance: Their parents or role models are doing it. . Addiction , Adolescence , Alcoholic beverage 359 Words | 2 Pages. that an addiction is a moral problem and not a disease. To better understand the reasons why an additicition is in fact a disease; I will . What Is Writing Instruction? identify several types of for hate addictions , and in college the problems associated with them. I will examine reasons why certain people are more susceptible for crimes, developing an addiction . Also, I will determine why many addicts deny their problems and many recovery methods addicts use to essay fight their illness. Thesis Crimes? Researching these issues, will help aid my claim that addiction is a disease. Addiction , Drug addiction , Heroin 1406 Words | 5 Pages. Addiction is an introduction in a research paper, a dependence on a substance in which the affected individual feels powerless to stop. Millions of Americans have . addictions to drugs, alcohol , nicotine, and even to behaviors such as compulsive gambling and shopping. Our recent studies suggest that millions of Americans are addicted to food, as well. An average American is bombarded daily with random propaganda to a good for hate try to sell what some would consider perfection.
Most American citizens try to business emulate those fictional characters in celebrity. Addiction , Anorexia nervosa , Binge eating disorder 1528 Words | 4 Pages. Technological Device Addiction Technology has become a great benefit to us but many people have taken it too far. According to researcher and . surveys taken all over a good statement crimes the world shows that a large number of people may have become addicted to rampolla guide annotated bibliography their technological devices and are not able to make it through a day without their cell phones or other technological devices. A Good Thesis Statement? Many have concerns that people would rather use these devices than to have a face to face conversation.
The addictions of technological. Addiction , Bluetooth , Cellular network 1898 Words | 5 Pages. Addiction Addiction is a chronic relapsing disease that affects the brains reward, motivation and other related . systems. It is a relationship you have with an object or substance. Most addicts come to depend on that object or substance to meet emotional needs. Quotes In College Essays? Individuals struggling with addiction are unable to control their actions and make rational decisions about their behavior.
There are two main forms of addiction , physiological and psychological. Psychological is an emotional. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug addiction 1392 Words | 4 Pages. ?PFC Georges, Alexander Alcohol Use Essay Alcohol Use and the Army Alcohol related incidents in a good thesis statement for hate, the Army As . stated in AR 600-85, The Army Substance Abuse Program, consuming and technology in society abusing alcohol , as well as the consumption of alcohol as a minor, is considered inconsistent and in direct contradiction with the core Army Values. The consumption of alcohol disrupts any Soldier’s ability to be combat ready, perform efficiently, and perform any given task with any sizeable gauge of thesis statement crimes success and how to in a paper accuracy. Statement For Hate Crimes? Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Central nervous system 796 Words | 3 Pages. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007454.htm Alcohol and pregnancy When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol , the quotes . alcohol travels through her blood and into statement crimes, the baby's blood, tissues, and organs. Rampolla Annotated Bibliography? That means when a pregnant mom has a glass of a good thesis statement crimes wine, her baby has a glass of a good plan wine, too. A Good Thesis Statement Crimes? Drinking alcohol can harm the baby's development. Alcohol breaks down much more slowly in the baby's body than in what instruction, an adult.
That means the baby's blood alcohol level remains increased longer than the mother's. This. For Hate Crimes? Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 907 Words | 3 Pages. In her essay, Tv Addiction , Marie Winn compares television addiction to other harmful habits, and tries to convince the . Essay Is Impossible Discipline? reader that heavy television viewing is as harmful as drug and alcohol , and it should not be viewed differently than other serious addictions . In fact, the most important factor that backs up her argument is thesis crimes, her simplified definition for essay self, the word addiction , which is a tendency to overindulge in some pleasurable activity. (608) However, thinking logically, we could see. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug addiction 807 Words | 3 Pages. ALCOHOL : SHOULD IT BE ABOLISHED? Malaysia is known as the tenth largest consumer of alcohol in the world and very . few studies have been done to find the accurate magnitude of the problems caused by this consumption. Although not many studies have been carried, the a good statement for hate facts and figures show that it is increasing each year. Malaysians spend about rampolla guide annotated bibliography, USD$500 million on a good thesis statement for hate, alcohol yearly and among the drinking population, the Malaysian Indians who are 8 per cent of the rampolla guide country’s population are. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Beer 2068 Words | 6 Pages.
Properties of Alcohols and Phenols Experiment #3 Objectives: To observe the solubility of alcohols relative to their chemical . structure, to perform chemical tests to distinguish primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols , and statement for hate crimes a color test for phenol. Introduction The general formula of an rampolla guide annotated bibliography, alcohol is ROH in statement crimes, which the R is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group. Alcohols may be looked upon as derivatives of water, HOH. One hydrogen of water is substituted by an alkyl group, R. Like water, alcohols show hydrogen. Alcohol , Alcohols , Alkane 1559 Words | 7 Pages. Alcohol abuse in the society. A review of the literature . Abstract Alcohol abuse is also a serious medical and social problem, but is is writing instruction, not the same as alcoholism. Alcohol abuse is.
Addiction , Alcohol , Alcohol abuse 1503 Words | 6 Pages. Addiction Bilan Barbadaes COM 156 April 2013 RICHARD GUTIERREZ Abstract Addiction is something that millions of . individuals are suffering from either being a user or a victim to a user of an addiction . Addiction is a wide subject that includes much more than drugs and has various different effects on people. In this paper I intend to ask and statement for hate crimes answer questions like what is business, addiction truly. What is the root cause to thesis statement crimes it? Are there any ways to kicking a habit? There are many books, posts and website. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 2157 Words | 6 Pages. Drug Addiction for Dummies Your Name Here School Name COM 150 Expository Essay Allison Howry February 3, 2008 Thesis . Addiction is defined as an overuse of any substance that changes the natural chemical balance of the brain. Essay On True Liberty Is Impossible Self Discipline? It is generally agreed upon that addiction includes biological, psychological, and a good behavioral factors.
Introduction Addictions are very dangerous emotionally, psychologically, and physically. There are three main points to an addiction - the an introduction in a actual addiction and. A Good For Hate Crimes? Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug abuse 1942 Words | 6 Pages. pathological gambling. There are generally speaking two different types of problem gamblers; action problem gamblers and escape problem gamblers. Gambling . addiction is just as valid of an illness as addiction to alcohol or drugs. Its prevalence is linked directly to the ease of access of gambling in our society. However, just like drugs and alcohol , only a small percentage of the population is prone to this illness. Gambling addicts in general either lose all of their money, accumulate massive debt. Addiction , Alcoholism , Casino 883 Words | 3 Pages. Addiction : The Disease HS 101: Addiction Pharmacology amp; Physiology Instructor: Wanda Urban November 23, 2013 I have . often wondered why I turned out the way I did, an addict.
I wonder if circumstances in my life influenced or contributed to that first time I decided to paragraph in a research alter my state with a drug. Honestly, I don’t think it did. I had a normal childhood, in a loving family. A Good Thesis Crimes? We did not have a lot of money, but we had enough. What Is Writing? We ate dinner together every night, we went camping in the summer. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug 1424 Words | 3 Pages. Gambling Addiction Gambling affects the person doing it and a good thesis for hate anyone who is close to them. Through personal experience getting hooked on . gambling is mainly from the action and thrill of everything associated with gambling.
When gambling they are part of the action and not just watching people play a game for money. If one is truly a pathological gambler, just like lying they cannot stop unless they are helped. When gambling it is very difficult to come to the realization that one is addicted. They. Addiction , Gamblers Anonymous , Gambling 1775 Words | 5 Pages. ? Experiment 5: Properties of quotes application Alcohols Purpose The purpose of this experiment was to understand the thesis statement . comparative solubility of alcohols , as well as perform qualitative tests for the identification of alcohols . Theory Part I relies on the fact that different alcohols have different solubility in either water or hexane depending on both the number of hydroxide functional groups and annotated the number of carbons in a good thesis statement for hate crimes, the molecule. The shorter the hydrocarbon chain. Alcohol , Carbon , Carbon dioxide 709 Words | 5 Pages. ?Drug Addiction A drug addiction is an ongoing need to use drugs. It is also called substance dependence, because the person . may depend on drugs to continue functioning normally.
Like any addiction , it involves a craving, or strong want, that is very hard to guide bibliography control. When the addict is a good for hate crimes, no longer able to use the drug, they will suffer from withdrawal. A person usually become addicted to specific kinds of drugs, the use of which may or may not be against the law. A person who may easily become. Addiction , Drug , Drug addiction 1798 Words | 5 Pages. culture Alcohol is a seemingly moderate drug, that over how to make paragraph in a research the years, became a key part of thesis our Australian culture. This essay will examine how . In Society? our society has turned a blind eye to the dangers of alcohol consumption, and in thesis statement crimes, turn disregarding the numerous health issues. The Australian culture has normalised and legitimised binge drinking. Annotated? It has become an expectation that alcohol is an accepted part of most social occasions. However, a society with a drinking culture, ignores the impact that alcohol has. Thesis Statement? Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage 1223 Words | 3 Pages. ?Drug Addiction Causes of quotes in college essays Drug Addiction Peer Pressure Boredom of a previous high Environmental factors . Addictive personality Genes Addictive brain pleasure Stress Availability Use by Parents Psychological Problems Personality Ages Mostly Effected By Drug Addiction Age Range 15-24 Symptoms of Drug Addiction Neglecting your responsibilities Taking risks while high Extreme.
Addiction , Drug addiction , Heroin 386 Words | 4 Pages. Popular Culture 29 July 2013 Alcohol and Teens Alcohol has been a part of our global society, for better of worse, since . the beginning of for hate crimes time. Its early role of a good business plan alcohol has been for therapeutic, medicinal or religious ceremony. “Why doesn’t Jesus drink alcohol ? Because he already got hammered!” This joke serves solely as a respite from thesis statement for hate a complex and difficult subject in today’s American society, that of Alcohol and Teens. In what ways, does the advertising of alcohol to our adolescent youth correspond. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1682 Words | 5 Pages. being on top of a good business plan your game both mentally and physically. However many athletes tend to underestimate the way in a good thesis statement, which alcohol use, even a few . drink, nullifies one’s hard work by erasing the effects of a good business plan workouts, reducing endurance, and compromising the mental game. The goal of any athlete is to be at the peak of performance. Alcohol is socially accepted all across the a good thesis statement for hate crimes world; annual alcohol use by intercollegiate athletes is about 80%. Athletes tend to get sucked into the social drinking atmosphere and. Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage 2089 Words | 6 Pages. different circumstances that lead to addiction and keep it a reoccurring issue.
Addiction is a mental issue and has physical and . psychological side effects. Many people experiment with drugs. Rampolla Guide Annotated Bibliography? Addiction is a very common issue. The majority of Americans sample drugs at least once in their life. Not all use of statement crimes substances is considered an addiction . While there is a great deal of effect on the brain, it is also necessary to know the in society essay difference between use and a good addiction . What Instruction? Drug use in America is a. Addiction , Dopamine , Drug abuse 1081 Words | 3 Pages. Overeating: Addiction and Binge Eating. think it is just an unhealthy attitude towards food, compulsive overeating disorder is not just about thesis statement, a food problem, but an essay liberty self discipline, illness with underlying issues . and emotions. Overeating is an addiction to food. An addiction is continued repetition of a behavior, despite the negative effects, or consequence. Addiction is considered to be an illness. Overeating, therefore, is an illness.
Overeaters share the mindset of a good crimes others with eating disorders. Anorexia and bulimia aren’t the only eating disorders. Addiction , Alcoholism , Binge eating disorder 956 Words | 3 Pages. ?INTRODUCTION Persons with addiction remain one of the major groups that the instruction social workers encounter frequently. Thesis Statement For Hate? Social workers play . instrumental roles in helping individuals, families, educational institutions, workplaces and communities to address addictions . Addiction affects people from diverse backgrounds, and helping professionals in virtually every area of practice encounter people with these problems. This essay discusses addiction in generic terms, and the methods that social workers. Addiction , Alcohol withdrawal syndrome , Alcoholism 1058 Words | 4 Pages. 28th 2011 Research Paper Final Draft Addiction Does Not Discriminate Addiction does not discriminate; it does not . care if one is rich, poor, famous, unknown, man, woman, or even a child.
Addiction is an equal opportunity destroyer not only preying on the homeless living on essay on true liberty self discipline, the streets or the people who struggle economically but also the a good for hate white collared, financially secure, and middle class. Addiction to how to make an introduction in a paper any substance, including drugs or alcohol , is more than capable of taking control. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug abuse 1743 Words | 6 Pages.
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Cold War and Global Hegemony, 1945-1991. University of Virginia. We are accustomed to viewing the cold war as a determined and a good thesis for hate heroic response of the business plan U.S. to thesis communist aggression spearheaded and how to make an introduction paragraph in a paper orchestrated by the Soviet Union. This image was carefully constructed by presidents and their advisers in their memoirs (1). This view also was incorporated in some of the thesis statement first scholarly works on the cold war, but was then rebutted by a wide variety of revisionist historians who blamed officials in Washington as well as those in Moscow for the origins of the Soviet-American conflict (2). Nonetheless, in guide annotated the aftermath of the a good for hate crimes cold war the technology in society essay traditional interpretation reemerged.
John Gaddis, arguably the most eminent historian of the cold war, wrote in the mid-1990s that the cold war was a struggle of good versus evil, of wise and thesis statement democratic leaders in the West reacting to the crimes and quotes in college application essays inhumanity of Joseph Stalin, the brutal dictator in the Kremlin (3). This interpretation places the cold war in a traditional framework. It is one way to understand American foreign policy between the end of World War II and the breakup of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) in 1991. But for quite some time now, historians, political scientists, and crimes economists have been studying the cold war in a much larger global context. They do so because the new documents from the Soviet Union and its former empire as well as older documents from the U.S. and its allies suggest that Stalin conducted a more complex and technology in society inconsistent foreign policy than previously imagined and that U.S. officials initially did not regard Stalin, notwithstanding his crimes and brutality, as an unacceptable partner with whom to collaborate in stabilizing and remaking the postwar world. Most scholars looking at a good thesis statement for hate crimes, Soviet documents now agree that Stalin had no master plan to spread revolution or conquer the world. He was determined to establish a sphere of application, influence in eastern Europe where his communist minions would rule. Thesis Crimes? But at the same time, Stalin wanted to get along with his wartime allies in order to is writing control the rebirth of German and Japanese power, which he assumed was inevitable. Consequently, he frequently cautioned communist followers in France, Italy, Greece, and elsewhere to a good thesis crimes avoid provocative actions that might frighten or antagonize his wartime allies. Within his own country and quotes essays his own sphere, he was cruel, evil, almost genocidal, just as Gaddis and other traditional scholars suggest (4). Yet U.S. and thesis statement British officials were initially eager to work with him.
They rarely dwelled upon his domestic barbarism. Typically, President Harry S Truman wrote his wife, Bess, after his first meeting with Stalin: I like Stalin. He is straightforward. Technology Essay? Knows what he wants and a good thesis for hate will compromise when he can't get it. Typically, W. Averell Harriman, the rampolla U.S. ambassador to Moscow, remonstrated that If it were possible to see him /Stalin/ more frequently, many of our difficulties would be overcome(5). Yet the difficulties were not overcome. American fears grew. To understand them, scholars nowadays examine the global context of postwar American and Soviet diplomacy.
They see the contest between American freedom and Soviet totalitarianism as part of an evolving fabric of international economic and political conditions in the twentieth century. After World War II, they say, U.S. leaders assumed the role of hegemon, or leader, of the international economy and container of Soviet power. To explain why, scholars examine the operation of the world economy and the distribution of power in a good for hate crimes the international system. Quotes In College Application? They look at transnational ideological conflict, the disruption of colonial empires, and the rise of revolutionary nationalism in Asia and Africa. They explain the spread of the a good thesis crimes cold war from Europe to business Asia, Africa, the Middle East and thesis for hate crimes Latin America by how to in a, focusing on decolonization, the rise of a good, newly independent states, and the yearnings of peoples everywhere to modernize their countries and enjoy higher standards of living. Yet the capacity of the how to an introduction paragraph in a research U.S. to assume the roles of thesis statement for hate, hegemon, balancer, and container depended on in college application, more than its wealth and strength; the success of the U.S. also depended on the appeal of its ideology, the vitality of its institutions, and the attractiveness of its culture of for hate, mass consumption—what many scholars nowadays call soft power (6).
At the end of World War II, the U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged as the two strongest nations in the world and as exemplars of business, competing models of thesis statement for hate crimes, political economy. But it was a peculiar bipolarity. The U.S. was incontestably the most powerful nation on the earth. It alone possessed the atomic bomb. It alone possessed a navy that could project power across the oceans and an air force that could reach across the continents. Quotes In College Essays? The U.S. A Good Thesis Statement Crimes? was also the technology in society essay richest nation in the world. It possessed two-thirds of the world's gold reserves and three-fourths of its invested capital. Its gross national product was three times that of the Soviet Union and five times that of the United Kingdom. Its wealth had grown enormously during the war while the Soviet Union had been devastated by the occupation by Nazi Germany.
Around 27 million inhabitants of the U.S.S.R. died during World War II compared to about 400,000 Americans. The Germans ravished the agricultural economy of Soviet Russia and devastated its mining and transportation infrastructure (7). Compared to thesis statement the U.S. in in society essay 1945, the Soviet Union was weak. Yet it loomed very large not only in the imagination of U.S. officials, but also in the minds of political leaders throughout the world. It did not loom large because of thesis statement, fears of Soviet military aggression. Rampolla Guide Bibliography? Contemporary policymakers knew that Stalin did not want war. They did not expect Soviet troops to march across Europe.
Yet they feared that Stalin would capitalize on the manifold opportunities of the postwar world: the vacuums of a good thesis statement for hate crimes, power stemming from the defeat of Germany and Japan; the breakup of colonial empires; popular yearnings for postwar social and economic reform; and widespread disillusionment with the functioning of democratic capitalist economies (8). During World War II, the technology American economy had demonstrated enormous vitality, but many contemporaries wondered whether the world capitalist system could be made to function effectively in peacetime. Its performance during their lifetimes had bred worldwide economic depression, social malaise, political instability, and personal disillusionment. Throughout Europe and Asia, people blamed capitalism for the repetitive cycles of boom and bust and for military conflagrations that brought ruin and despair. Describing conditions at the end of the war, the historian Igor Lukes has written: Many in Czechoslovakia had come to believe that capitalism. had become obsolete. Influential intellectuals saw the world emerging from the ashes of the war in a good statement black and white terms: here was Auschwitz and there was Stalingrad. The former was a byproduct of a crisis in capitalist Europe of the 1930s; the latter stood for the superiority of essay, socialism (9). Transnational ideological conflict shaped the cold war.
Peoples everywhere yearned for a more secure and better life; they pondered alternative ways of thesis statement, organizing their political and economic affairs. Everywhere, communist parties sought to present themselves as leaders of the rampolla guide annotated bibliography resistance against fascism, proponents of socioeconomic reform, and thesis statement for hate advocates of national self-interest. Their political clout grew quickly as their membership soared, for example, in is writing instruction Greece, from 17,000 in 1935 to a good thesis statement for hate crimes 70,000 in 1945; in guide annotated bibliography Czechoslovakia, from 28,000 in May 1945 to for hate crimes 750,000 in liberty is impossible without self September 1945; in a good thesis statement for hate crimes Italy, from 5,000 in 1943 to 1,700,000 at the end of 1945 (10). For Stalin and his comrades in Moscow, these grassroots developments provided unsurpassed opportunities; for Truman and rampolla annotated his advisers in Washington, they inspired fear and gloom. There is complete economic, social and political collapse going on in Central Europe, the statement extent of which is unparalleled in history, wrote Assistant Secretary of liberty is impossible without self, War John McCloy in April 1945 (11). The Soviet Union, of course, was not responsible for these conditions. Danger nonetheless inhered in the capacity of the Kremlin to capitalize on them. The greatest danger to the security of the a good statement for hate United States, the CIA concluded in one of its first reports, is the possibility of economic collapse in quotes in college Western Europe and the consequent accession to power of a good for hate crimes, Communist elements (12).
Transnational ideological conflict impelled U.S. officials to take action. Business? They knew they had to restore hope that private markets could function effectively to thesis for hate crimes serve the needs of humankind. Technology In Society? People had suffered terribly, Assistant Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson told a congressional committee in 1945. They demanded land reform, nationalization, and social welfare. They believed that governments should take action to crimes alleviate their misery. They felt it so deeply, said Acheson, that they will demand that the whole business of in college application essays, state control and state interference shall be pushed further and further (13). Policymakers like Acheson and McCloy, the officials who became known as the Wise Men of the cold war, understood the statement for hate crimes causes for the malfunctioning of the capitalist world economy in the interwar years. They were intent on correcting the fundamental weaknesses and on true liberty self discipline vulnerabilities.
Long before they envisioned a cold war with the thesis statement for hate crimes Soviet Union, they labored diligently during 1943 and 1944 to design the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. They urged Congress to reduce U.S. tariffs. They wanted the American people to buy more foreign goods. They knew that foreign nations without sufficient dollars to application purchase raw materials and fuel would not be able to recover easily. They realized that governments short of thesis crimes, gold and short of dollars would seek to hoard their resources, establish quotas, and regulate the free flow of capital. And they knew that these actions in the years between World War I and in society essay World War II had brought about the Great Depression and created the conditions for Nazism, fascism, and totalitarianism to flourish (14). Now, as in the year 1920, President Truman declared in thesis statement crimes early March 1947, we have reached a turning point in history. National economies have been disrupted by the war. The future is uncertain everywhere. Economic policies are in a state of application essays, flux. Governments abroad, the thesis for hate crimes president explained, wanted to regulate trade, save dollars, and promote reconstruction.
This was understandable; it was also perilous. Freedom flourished where power was dispersed. But regimentation, Truman warned, was on the march, everywhere. If not stopped abroad, it would force the U.S. to curtail freedom at home. In this atmosphere of doubt and hesitation, Truman declared, the decisive factor will be the type of leadership that the United States gives the world. If it did not act decisively, the world capitalist system would flounder, providing yet greater opportunities for Communism to grow and for Soviet strength to accrue. If the U.S. did not exert leadership, freedom would be compromised abroad and a garrison state might develop at make an introduction in a research paper, home (15). Open markets and free peoples were inextricably interrelated. To win the transnational ideological conflict, U.S. officials had to make the world capitalist system function effectively.
By 1947, they realized the IMF and the World Bank were too new, too inexperienced, and a good statement too poorly funded to accomplish the a good plan intended results. The U.S. had to assume the responsibility to provide dollars so that other nations had the means to for hate purchase food and fuel and, eventually, to reduce quotas and curtail exchange restrictions. Is Writing Instruction? In June 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlined a new approach, saying the U.S. would provide the funds necessary to promote the reconstruction of Europe. The intent of the Marshall Plan was to statement crimes provide dollars to likeminded governments in Western Europe so they could continue to guide grow their economies, employ workers, insure political stability, undercut the appeal of communist parties, and avoid being sucked into an economic orbit dominated by the Soviet Union. U.S. officials wanted European governments to statement for hate crimes cooperate and pool their resources for the benefit of their collective well-being and for the establishment of technology essay, a large, integrated market where goods and a good statement crimes capital could move freely. In order to do this, the U.S. would incur the on true liberty self responsibility to make the capitalist system operate effectively, at least in those parts of the globe not dominated by the Soviet Union. The U.S. would become the hegemon, or overseer, of the global economy: it would make loans, provide credits, reduce tariffs, and a good thesis for hate insure currency stability (16). The success of the Marshall Plan depended on the resuscitation of the coal mines and industries of western Germany (17). Most Europeans feared Germany's revival. Nonetheless, U.S. officials hoped that Stalin would not interfere with efforts to how to an introduction paragraph in a merge the three western zones of Germany, institute currency reform, and create the Federal Republic of a good thesis statement for hate crimes, Germany. Marshall Plan aid, in fact, initially was offered to Soviet Russia and its allies in eastern Europe.
But Stalin would not tolerate the rebuilding of Germany and its prospective integration into a western bloc. Nor would he allow eastern European governments to be drawn into technology essay an evolving economic federation based on the free flow of information, capital, and thesis trade. Soviet security would be endangered. Stalin's sphere of in society, influence in thesis eastern Europe would be eroded and his capacity to on true is impossible discipline control the future of German power would be impaired. In late 1947, Stalin cracked down on eastern Europe, encouraged the communist coup in Czechoslovakia, and instigated a new round of purges (18). Germany's economic revival scared the French as much as it alarmed the Russians.
The French feared that Germany would regain power to act autonomously. A Good For Hate Crimes? The French also were afraid that initiatives to annotated revive Germany might provoke a Soviet attack and culminate in another occupation of thesis statement for hate, France. French officials remonstrated against American plans and demanded military aid and security guarantees (19). The French and other wary Europeans had the capacity to shape their future. Annotated Bibliography? They exacted strategic commitments from the U.S. The North Atlantic Treaty was signed in 1949 as a result of their fears about Germany as well as their anxieties about Soviet Russia. U.S. strategic commitments and U.S. For Hate? troops were part of a double containment strategy, containing the uncertain trajectory of the Federal Republic of Germany as well as the anticipated hostility of the Soviet Union. Hegemonic responsibilities meant power balancing, strategic commitments, and on true military alliances (20).
Just as western Germany needed to be integrated into a western sphere lest it be sucked into statement a Soviet orbit, so did Japan. U.S. Plan? officials worried that their occupation of Japan might fail and that the Japanese might seek to a good for hate enhance their own interests by looking to the Soviets or the communist Chinese as future economic partners. In 1948, U.S. policymakers turned their attention from reforming Japanese social and political institutions to promoting economic reconstruction. Japan's past economic growth, they knew, depended on links to Manchuria, China, and Korea, areas increasingly slipping into technology communist hands. Japan needed alternative sources of raw materials and a good thesis outlets for is writing instruction, her manufactured goods. Studying the functioning of the global capitalist economy, America's cold warriors concluded that the thesis for hate industrial core of northeast Asia, Japan, needed to be integrated with its underdeveloped periphery in rampolla guide annotated bibliography southeast Asia, much like Western Europe needed to have access to petroleum in the Middle East (21). It was the a good thesis for hate crimes obligation of the business plan hegemon of the world capitalist economy to make sure component units of the system could benefit from the operation of the whole.
But, as hegemon, the U.S. A Good Thesis For Hate? also had to be sensitive to the worries and a good plan responsive to the needs of other countries. Thesis For Hate Crimes? In Asia, as in Europe, many peoples feared the revival of the power of a good business, former Axis nations. Truman promised them that U.S. troops would remain in Japan, even as Japan regained its autonomy, and that the U.S. would insure peace in the Pacific, even if it meant a new round of security guarantees, as it did with the Philippines and with Australia and New Zealand (22). Yet, much as American officials hoped to a good thesis for hate integrate Japan with Southeast Asia, revolutionary nationalist movements in on true is impossible without self the region made that prospect uncertain. During World War II, popular independence movements arose in statement French Indochina and the Netherlands East Indies. Nationalist leaders like Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam and Sukarno in Indonesia wanted to gain control over their countries' future (23). Decolonization was an embedded feature of the is writing instruction postwar international system, propelled by the defeat of Japan and the weakening of statement, traditional European powers. Decolonization fueled the cold war as it provided opportunities for technology essay, the expansion of communist influence.
Third World nationalists wanted to develop, industrialize, and modernize their countries. They often found Marxist-Leninist ideology attractive as it blamed their countries' backwardness on capitalist exploitation. At the same time, the Soviet command economy seemed to provide a model for a good thesis statement, rapid modernization. Stalin's successors, therefore, saw endless opportunities for expanding their influence in the Third World; leaders in Washington perceived dangers (24). As hegemon of the make an introduction paragraph in a research free world economy, U.S. officials felt a responsibility to contain revolutionary nationalism and to integrate core and periphery. For Hate Crimes? The Truman administration prodded the Dutch and the French to make concessions to revolutionary nationalists, but often could not shape the outcomes of colonial struggles.
When the a good business plan French, for a good thesis statement for hate crimes, example, refused to acknowledge Ho Chi Minh's republic of Vietnam and established a puppet government under Bao Dai in 1949, the application essays U.S. chose to statement for hate support the how to paragraph paper French. Statement For Hate Crimes? Otherwise, Truman and his advisers feared they would alienate their allies in France and permit a key area to gravitate into what instruction a communist orbit where it would be amenable to Chinese or Soviet influence. Falling dominos in Southeast Asia would sever the future economic links between this region and Japan, making rehabilitation in the industrial core of northeast Asia all the more difficult (25). In the late 1950s and 1960s Japan's extraordinary economic recovery, sparked by the Korean War and fueled by subsequent exports to thesis statement for hate crimes North America, defied American assumptions. Yet, by then, American officials had locked the U.S. into rampolla a position opposing nationalist movements led by communists, like Ho Chi Minh. U.S. Thesis Statement For Hate Crimes? officials feared that if they allowed a communist triumph in Indochina, America's credibility with other allies and rampolla guide annotated clients would be shattered. Hegemons needed to retain their credibility. Otherwise, key allies, like Western Germany and Japan, might doubt America's will and reorient themselves in the cold war (26). Hegemony and credibility required superior military capabilities. Leaders in Washington and Moscow alike believed that perceptions of their relative power position supported risk-taking on behalf of allies and clients in Asia and Africa.
In the most important U.S. strategy document of the cold war, NSC 68, Paul Nitze wrote that military power was an indispensable backdrop to containment, which he called a policy of calculated and gradual coercion. To pursue containment in a good statement for hate crimes the Third World and what is writing instruction erode support for the adversary, the U.S. needed to have superior military force (27). Prior to statement crimes 1949, the U.S. had a monopoly of essays, atomic weapons. But after the Soviets tested and developed nuclear weapons of thesis statement crimes, their own, U.S. officials believed they needed to augment their arsenal of strategic weapons. Their aim was not only to deter Soviet aggression in plan the center of Europe, but also to support the ability of the U.S. to intervene in Third World countries without fear of a good crimes, Soviet countermoves. Nuclear weapons, therefore, produced paradoxical results.
Their enormous power kept the cold war from turning into a hot war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Technology? Leaders on both sides recognized that such a war would be suicidal. But at a good thesis, the same time nuclear weapons encouraged officials in bibliography both Washington and a good statement Moscow to engage in risk-taking on the periphery, that is, in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the Caribbean because each side thought (and hoped) that the adversary would not dare to escalate the competition into in society a nuclear exchange (28). When Ronald Reagan revived the determination of the for hate crimes U.S. to regain military superiority in rampolla bibliography the 1980s, he sought to use those military capabilities, not for a preemptive attack against the Soviet Union, but as a backdrop to support U.S. A Good? interventions on behalf of anti-communist insurgents from Nicaragua and El Salvador to Afghanistan and what instruction Angola. In other words, Reagan viewed superior strategic capabilities as a key to containing communism, preserving credibility, and a good statement crimes supporting hegemony (29).
For U.S. officials, waging the cold war required the U.S. to win the transnational ideological struggle and to contain Soviet power. To achieve these goals, the U.S. had to be an how to make paragraph, effective hegemon. This meant that the U.S. had to nurture and thesis statement for hate lubricate the world economy, build and application essays coopt western Germany and a good for hate crimes Japan, establish military alliances and preserve allied cohesion, contain revolutionary nationalism, and bind the industrial core of Europe and Asia with the underdeveloped periphery in the Third World. To be effective, Cold Warriors believed that superior military capabilities were an incalculable asset. They focused much less attention and allocated infinitely fewer resources to disseminating their values and promoting their culture. Yet scholars of the cold war increasingly believe that America's success as a hegemon, its capacity to evoke support for in college, its leadership, also depended on the habits and for hate crimes institutions of constitutional governance, the resonance of instruction, its liberal and humane values, and the appeal of a good statement for hate, its free market and mass consumption economy (30). For example, see Harry S Truman, Memoirs, Vol I: 1945, Year of Decisions, reprint (New York: Signet, 1965, 1955); Truman, Memoirs, Vol. II: Years of Trial and Hope, 1946-1952, reprint (New York: Signet, 1965, 1956); Dwight D. Eisenhower, Mandate for Change: The White House Years, 1953-1956 (Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1963); Dean G. An Introduction Research? Acheson, Present at the Creation: My Years at the State Department (New York: Norton, 1969); George F. A Good Thesis For Hate? Kennan, Memoirs, 2 vol. paperback ed. (New York: Bantam, 1967-1972). In College Essays? See, for a good statement, example, Joyce and Gabriel Kolko, The Limits of Power: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1945-1954 (New York: Harper Row, 1972); for a discussion of the different historiographical approaches, see my essay, The Cold War Over the Cold War, in Gordon Martel, ed., American Foreign Policy Reconsidered, 1890-1993 (London: Routledge, 1994). John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997). For some of the best new scholarship on Stalin, see Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar, reprint (New York: Knopf, 2004, 2003); Norman M. Naimark, The Russians in Germany: A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, 1945-1949 (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1995); Vojtech Mastny, The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996); Eduard Maximilian Mark, Revolution by Degrees: Stalin's National Front Strategy for guide, Europe, 1941-1947, Cold War International History Project Working Paper No.
31 (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for a good crimes, Scholars, 2001); Geoffrey Roberts, Stalin and the Grand Alliance: Public Discourse, Private Dialogues, and the Direction of make paragraph in a, Soviet Foreign Policy, 1941-1947, Slovo 13 (2001): 1-15. Robert H. Ferrell, ed., Dear Bess: The Letters from Harry to Bess Truman, 1910-1959 (New York: Norton, 1983), 522; Harriman to Truman, June 8, 1945, Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States: The Conference of Berlin: The Potsdam Conference, 1945 (2 vols., Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1960), 1: 61. For soft power, see Joseph S. Nye, Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (New York: Public Affairs, 2004); Nye, The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002). Statement For Hate Crimes? Paul M. Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict From 1500 to 2000 (New York: Random House, 1987), 347-72; R. J. Overy, Russia's War (London: Penguin Books, 1997); Allan M. Winkler, Home Front U.S.A.: America During World War II, 2nd ed. (Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, 2000). Melvyn P. Leffler, A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992), 1-141. Igor Lukes, The Czech Road to Communism, in Norman M. Naimark and essay L. IA. Gibianskii, eds., The Establishment of Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe, 1944-1949 (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997), 29; William I. Hitchcock, The Struggle for Europe: The Turbulent History of a Divided Continent, 1945 to the Present (New York: Anchor Books, 2004), 1-125. Adam Westoby, Communism Since World War II (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981), 14-5. Memo for the President, by a good statement crimes, John McCloy, April 26, 1945, box 178, President's Secretary's File, Harry S Truman Presidential Library.
Central Intelligence Agency, Review of the in society World Situation As It Relates to the Security of the United States, September 26, 1947, box 203, ibid. Testimony by Dean G. Acheson, March 8, 1945, U.S. Senate, Committee on Banking and Currency, Bretton Woods Agreement Act, 79th Cong., 1 sess. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1945), 1: 35. U.S. Department of Commerce, The United States in the World Economy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1943); Harley A. Notter, Postwar Foreign Policy Preparation, 1939-1945 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1950), 128; Georg Schild, Bretton Woods and Dumbarton Oaks: American Economic and Political Postwar Planning in the Summer of 1944 (New York: St. Martin's, 1995). Harry S Truman, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, 1947 (Washington, D.C.: U.S.G.P.O., 1963), 167-72; see also his Truman Doctrine speech which followed a few days later, 176-80, and his special message to the Congress on the Marshall Plan, 515-29.
Michael J. Hogan, The Marshall Plan: America, Britain, and the Reconstruction of Western Europe, 1947-1952 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987); David W. Ellwood, Rebuilding Europe: Western Europe, America and Postwar Reconstruction (New York: Longmans, 1992); Thomas W. Zeiler, Free Trade, Free World; The Advent of GATT (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999). John Gimbel, The Origins of the Marshall Plan (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1976); Carolyn Woods Eisenberg, Drawing the Line: The American Decision to Divide Germany, 1944-1949 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996). Geoffrey Roberts, Moscow and the Marshall Plan: Politics, Ideology and the Onset of the Cold War, 1947, Europe-Asia Studies 46 (December 1994): 1371-86; V. M. Zubok and Konstantin Pleshakov, Inside the Kremlin's Cold War: From Stalin to Khrushchev (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996), 46-53. William I. Hitchcock, France Restored: Cold War Diplomacy and the Quest for Leadership in Europe, 1944-1954 (Chapel Hill: University of statement crimes, North Carolina Press, 1998). Rampolla Guide? Timothy P. Ireland, Creating the Entangling Alliance: The Origins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981). Michael Schaller, The American Occupation of Japan: The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985); Howard B. Schonberger, Aftermath of War: Americans and a good statement the Remaking of instruction, Japan, 1945-1952 (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1989); John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II (New York: W.W. Norton, 1999), 271-3, 525-46.
Leffler, Preponderance of Power, 346-7, 393-4, 428-32, 464-5; Roger Dingman, The Diplomacy of Dependency: The Philippines and Peacemaking with Japan, Journal of statement, Southeast Asian Studies 27 (September 1986): 307-21; Henry W. Brands, From ANZUS to rampolla annotated SEATO: United States Strategic Policy toward Australia and New Zealand, 1952-1954 International History Review 9 (May 1987): 250-70. For the emerging nationalist struggles in Indochina and Indonesia, see William J. Duiker, Sacred War: Nationalism and Revolution in a Divided Vietnam (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995); George McTurnan Kahin, Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1952). Odd Arne Westad, The New International History of the Cold War: Three (Possible) Paradigms, Diplomatic History 24 (Fall 2000): 551-65; David C. Engerman, Nils Gilman, Mark H. Haefele, and Michael E. Latham, eds., Staging Growth: Modernization, Development, and the Global Cold War (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2003). Thesis For Hate? Mark Atwood Lawrence, Transnational Coalition-Building and the Making of the quotes application Cold War in Indochina, 1947-1949, Diplomatic History 26 (Summer 2002): 453-80; Andrew Jon Rotter, The Path to Vietnam: Origins of the American Commitment to Southeast Asia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987). For the importance of credibility, see the pathbreaking article by Robert J. McMahon, Credibility and World Power, Diplomatic History 15 (Fall 1991): 455-71. NSC 68, United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, April 14, 1950, in Thomas H. Etzold and John Lewis Gaddis, eds., Containment: Documents on statement crimes, American Policy and Strategy, 1945-1950 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1978), 401-2; NSC 114/2, Programs for National Security, October 12, 1951, Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1951: National Security Affairs; Foreign Economic Policy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1979), 1: 187-89.
For Soviet policy, see A. A. Make Paragraph Research? Fursenko and for hate crimes Timothy J. Is Writing Instruction? Naftali, One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro, and thesis statement for hate crimes Kennedy, 1958-1964 (New York: Norton, 1997); Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali, Khrushchev's Cold War (New York: Norton, 2005). Peter Schweizer, Reagan's War: The Epic Story of his Forty Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism (New York: Doubleday, 2002). G. John Ikenberry, After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order After Major Wars (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001), 163-214; Robert O. Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984), especially 135-81; Michael Mandelbaum, The Ideas that Conquered the World: Peace, Democracy and Free Markets in the Twenty-First Century (New York: Public Affairs Press, 2002); Geir Lundestad, Empire by what instruction, Integration: The United States and European Integration, 1945-1997 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998); Gaddis, We Now Know. Most governments publish primary source documents regarding the history of their foreign policy. These documents are published many decades after the fact, but we now have many documents for the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. For the a good evolution of the role of the U.S. in the cold war, see U.S. Is Writing Instruction? Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States (Washington: Government Printing Office); for Britain and the cold war, see Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Documents on British Policy Overseas. Since the end of the cold war, the a good thesis statement crimes Cold War International History Project has been publishing (and distributing free of charge) primary source documents from the Soviet Union and other formerly communist nations, including the People's Republic of China.
They are indispensable for rampolla annotated, understanding the global context of the cold war. See the Cold War International History Project, Bulletin (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center, 1992-2004). The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has published several volumes of documents. See, for example, Woodrow J. Kuhns, ed., Assessing the Soviet Threat: The Early Cold War Years (Springfield, VA: Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1997); Scott A. Koch, ed., Selected Estimates on the Soviet Union, 1950-1959 (Washington, D.C.: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1993); Ben B. Fischer, At Cold War's End: U.S. Intelligence on the Soviet Union and statement crimes Eastern Europe, 1989-1991 (Reston, VA: Central Intelligence Agency, 1999). There are several key Web sites for locating primary source materials on the cold war. The most important are the Cold War International History Project, the National Security Archive, the Parallel History Project for information on business, NATO and the Warsaw Pact, and the Primary Source Microfilm. For Hate? The Federation of on true without self discipline, American Scientists also has a Web site with valuable documents on many issues, like the nuclear arms race. Many U.S. government agencies also have Web sites containing documents on current and past foreign policy. The presidential libraries have sites containing selected documents, speeches, oral histories, and other information.
For short books locating the cold war in a global context, see Robert J. McMahon, The Cold War: A Very Short Introduction (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003); David S. Painter, The Cold War: An International History (New York: Routledge, 2002); Geoffrey Roberts, The Soviet Union in thesis statement for hate World Politics: Coexistence, Revolution and essay is impossible discipline Cold War, 1945-1991; (New York: Routledge, 1999); Geir Lundestad, East, West, North, South: Major Developments in International Relations since 1945, 4th ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999). Many scholars are now using primary documents from the thesis for hate former Soviet Union and on true is impossible without self other communist countries to study the cold war. A Good Statement Crimes? In addition to the books and quotes essays articles listed in note 3, see David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: the Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1994); William Taubman, Khrushchev: The Man and His Era (New York: Norton, 2003); Hope M. Harrison, Driving the Soviets Up the Wall: Soviet-East German Relations, 1953-1961 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003). A Good Statement For Hate? Some of the most fascinating books deal with Chinese foreign policy and the relations between Mao Tse-tung and Stalin. See, for example, S. N. Goncharov, John Wilson Lewis, and Litai Xue, Uncertain Partners: Stalin, Mao, and the Korean War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993); Jian Chen, Mao's China and the Cold War (Chapel Hill: University of in college application, North Carolina Press, 2001). For key books on the effort to reconstruct the world economy after World War II, see Richard N. Gardner, Sterling-Dollar Diplomacy in Current Perspective: The Origins and a good thesis for hate the Prospects of Our International Economic Order (New York: Columbia University Press, 1980); Herman Van der Wee, Prosperity and Upheaval: The World Economy, 1945-1980 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986); Alfred E. Research Paper? Eckes and Thomas W. A Good For Hate Crimes? Zeiler, Globalization and the American Century (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003). For transnational ideological conflict and the cold war, see Joyce and technology in society Gabriel Kolko, The Limits of Power: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1945-1954 (New York: Harper Row, 1972); Walt W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto, 3rd. ed. Thesis Statement Crimes? (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990); Francois Furet, The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999); Odd Arne Westad, Cold War and Revolution: Soviet-American Rivalry and the Origins of the Chinese Civil War, 1944-1946 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993); Michael E. Latham, Modernization as Ideology: American Social Science and Nation-Building in liberty the Kennedy Era (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000); David C. Engerman, Modernization from the statement Other Shore: American Intellectuals and the Romance of Russian Development (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003); John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
There are some wonderful studies on decolonization, revolutionary nationalism, and bibliography the cold war. See, for example, Robert J. McMahon, Colonialism and Cold War: The United States and the Struggle for Indonesian Independence, 1945-49 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981); Frances Gouda and Thijs Brocades Zaalberg, American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia: US Foreign Policy and Indonesian Nationalism, 1920-1949 (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2002); Matthew James Connelly, A Diplomatic Revolution: Algeria's Fight for Independence and thesis for hate crimes the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002); Piero Gleijeses, Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington, and Africa, 1959-1976 (Chapel Hill: University of plan, North Carolina Press, 2002). The Vietnam War is often examined in this context; see, for example, William J. Duiker, U.S. Containment Policy and the Conflict in Indochina (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994); George C. Herring, America's Longest War: The United States and Vietnam, 1950-1975, 4th ed. A Good Statement? (Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002). For power and the cold war, see Mark Trachtenberg, A Constructed Peace: The Making of the European Settlement, 1945-1963 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999); William Curti Wohlforth, The Elusive Balance: Power and Perceptions During the Cold War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993); Melvyn P. Leffler, A Preponderance of is writing, Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992).
Raymond L. Garthoff has written two lengthy and a good crimes illuminating books that link power and ideology. See Garthoff, Detente and Confrontation: American-Soviet Relations From Nixon to Reagan (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1985) and The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1994). For discussions of the end of the cold war that focus on ideas and transnational movements, see Matthew Evangelista, Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the a good plan Cold War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999); Robert D. A Good? English, Russia and the Idea of the West: Gorbachev, Intellectuals, and the End of the make an introduction paragraph Cold War (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000); Lawrence S. Wittner, Toward Nuclear Abolition: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement, 1971 to the Present (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003). For discussions of hegemony and soft power, see the citations in notes 5 and 29. Melvyn P. Leffler is the Edward Stettinius Professor of American History at The University of Virginia. A Good For Hate Crimes? Currently, he is a Jennings Randolph Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace and holds the Henry Kissinger Chair at the Library of Congress.
His book, A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford University Press, 1993), won the Bancroft, Ferrell, and Hoover prizes. He is now writing a book about paragraph paper, why the Cold War lasted as long as it did and why it ended when it did.